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CitationKartchner, R. J., & Adams, D. C. (1983). An improved method for attaching the esophageal fistula bag. Journal of Range Management, 36(3), 405-406.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractA simple, surgically established skin "neck loop" was tested for holding the collection bag in position on esophageal fistulated steers. The loop eliminated the need for a girth strap and reduced the time required for attaching and detaching the collection apparatus.