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dc.contributor.authorHewitt, G. B.
dc.contributor.authorOnsager, J. A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-25T07:16:41Z
dc.date.available2020-09-25T07:16:41Z
dc.date.issued1983-03-01
dc.identifier.citationHewitt, G. B., & Onsager, J. A. (1983). Control of grasshoppers on rangeland in the United States—a perspective. Journal of Range Management, 36(2), 202-207.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/3898163
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/645980
dc.description.abstractThe periodical ravages of locusts and grasshoppers have been sufficiently documented through history that it is easy to appreciate the seriousness of such outbreaks. We believe, however, that most people grossly underestimate the forage resources that are destroyed annually by typical "noneconomical" populations of grasshoppers. The western range comprises about 262 million ha, most of which is suitable habitat for grasshoppers. The grasshoppers annually destroy at least 21-23% of available range vegetation. That would represent a loss of about $393 million/year if that vegetation could otherwise be utilized by livestock. Current control measures are not economical on about 80 million ha because treatment cost far exceeds the value of forage that is produced. Most control programs are likely to be executed on about 160 million ha that produce forage worth about $2.50 - $7.50/ha. Significant forage destruction begins during the 3rd nymphal instar. This occurs just before maturation of many important species of grass. Thus, grasshoppers do not generally inhibit forage production; rather, they hasten decomposition of the standing crop of forage. When control measures become necessary, they should be initiated as soon as possible after the majority of grasshoppers become 3rd instars. Later treatments cannot recover forage that has already been destroyed; they simply prevent further destruction.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectUnited States
dc.titleControl of Grasshoppers on Rangeland in the United States—A Perspective
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume36
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage202-207
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-25T07:16:41Z


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