The Chemical Constituents of Sagebrush Foliage and Their Isolation
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CitationKelsey, R. G., Stephens, J. R., & Shafizadeh, F. (1982). The chemical constituents of sagebrush foliage and their isolation. Journal of Range Management, 35(5), 617-622.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractFive foliar constituents were measured seasonally from the three subspecies of big sagebrush in Montana. Monoterpene, crude terpenoid, and crude fat levels were lowest in the spring, increased through the summer with maximum quantities at flowering or in the fall and winter months thereafter. Crude protein and total nonstructural carbohydrates were at highest concentrations in the spring, decreased in the summer, and rose again in the fall. Sagebrush foliage consists of an external and internal component. The external material is glandular secondary metabolic products, primarily terpenoids, and cuticular waxes. The internal constituents are cell-wall polymers, protein, nonstructural carbohydrates, and lipids. A 5-minute chloroform extraction of fresh whole leaves removed the external material (crude terpenoids) with minimal affect on the internal components. Steam distillation extracted the epidermal terpenoids and the internal nonstructural carbohydrates leaving the cuticular waxes and protein in the dry matter residue.