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dc.contributor.authorWhitson, R. E.
dc.contributor.authorHeitschmidt, R. K.
dc.contributor.authorKothmann, M. M.
dc.contributor.authorLundgren, G. K.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-25T07:26:34Z
dc.date.available2020-09-25T07:26:34Z
dc.date.issued1982-07-01
dc.identifier.citationWhitson, R. E., Heitschmidt, R. K., Kothmann, M. M., & Lundgren, G. K. (1982). The impact of grazing systems on the magnitude and stability of ranch income in the rolling plains of Texas. Journal of Range Management, 35(4), 526-532.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/3898623
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/646101
dc.description.abstractResults of a 1961-1974 grazing system study on the Texas Experimental Ranch in the Rolling Plains were used to evaluate annual net income stability characteristics for a cow-calf operation. A linear programming risk analysis model was utilized to select optimal combinations of grazing systems which minimized annual negative net income fluctuations. Greatest annual net incomes, expressed in 1979 dollars, were obtained from heavier stocked, continuously grazed systems which received winter feed. For the 1961-1974 period, annual net income stability was not increased by selecting combination of grazing systems. However, when only the last 5 years were included in the analysis, the stability of annual net income was improved by selecting a combination of grazing systems. Supplemental winter feeding did not have a significant effect on annual net incomes. However, under heavier stocking rates the standard deviation of annual net income was approximately doubled when cows did not receive supplemental winter feed. Annual income and income variability was determined to have increased during the last 5 years of the study, relative to the total study period. It is hypothesized that a portion of this increased variability at the heavier rates of stocking is the result of changes in the composition of vegetation. The general increase in variability across all systems indicates that ranch operators may need to consider alternatives for risk management as well as management for profits.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectTexas
dc.titleThe Impact of Grazing Systems on the Magnitude and Stability of Ranch Income in the Rolling Plains of Texas
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume35
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage526-532
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-25T07:26:34Z


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