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CitationEissenstat, D. M., Mitchell, J. E., & Pope, W. W. (1982). Trampling damage by cattle on northern Idaho forest plantations. Journal of Range Management, 35(6), 715-716.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractThe effects of cattle trampling in a Douglas-fir plantation the first year after planting were assessed. Trees partially girdled due to trampling were much more likely to die than untrampled trees (α = .0001). An average of 19% of the trees in the plantation had been trampled; however, the damage was uneven due to clumped cattle distribution. The results reflect the hazard of grazing Douglas-fir plantations in the northern Rockies during the first year after establishment.