Broom Snakeweed: Effect on Shortgrass Forage Production and Soil Water Depletion
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CitationUeckert, D. N., Anderson, D. M., & Kothmann, M. M. (1979). Broom snakeweed: Effect on shortgrass forage production and soil water depletion. Journal of Range Management, 32(3), 216-220.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractPerennial shortgrasses were delayed in responding to removal of a dense broom snakeweed population (387/m2) because of low initial vigor. However, after 1 year, grass production increased by 107% (1,175 kg/ha) and after 2 years, by 324% (2,201 kg/ha) compared to undisturbed stands. Reducing snakeweed density by 25 or 50% did not affect forage production during the 2-year study. Estimated carrying capacity of the shortgrass rangeland was increased from 1 A.U./26 ha to 1 A.U./6.1 ha by the second year after complete removal of broom snakeweed. Juvenile broom snakeweed plants utilized soil water from the upper 15 to 45 cm. Soil water depletion was increased after perennial grasses regained vigor following complete removal of snakeweeds. Precipitation-use efficiency for production of usable forage was 2.1 and 4.3 times greater on broom snakeweed-free rangeland than on infested rangeland at 1 and 2 years, respectively, following removal of snakeweed.