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dc.contributor.authorBowes, G. G.
dc.contributor.authorThomas, A. G.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-26T18:37:02Z
dc.date.available2020-09-26T18:37:02Z
dc.date.issued1978-03-01
dc.identifier.citationBowes, G. G., & Thomas, A. G. (1978). Longevity of leafy spurge seeds in the soil following various control programs. Journal of Range Management, 31(2), 137-140.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/3897664
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/646679
dc.description.abstractAlthough picloram provided adequate control of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) for a minimum of 3 years, from 3,500 to 11,000 viable seeds remained in the soil, providing a source for rapid reestablishment of the infestation. Continuous sheep grazing for 8 years prevented annual seed set and reduced the size of the soil seed bank from > 3,500 to 15 seeds/m2, greatly reducing the chance of reestablishment from seed. Combining the data from the various treatments indicated that the average annual loss from the soil seed bank is 13% of the original population. This means that even though an initial application of picloram kills most of the vegetative portion of the plant, a repeat treatment is necessary to greatly reduce the number of seeds in the soil seed bank to prevent reestablishment by seed.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectCanada
dc.titleLongevity of Leafy Spurge Seeds in the Soil Following Various Control Programs
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume31
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage137-140
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-26T18:37:17Z


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