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dc.contributor.authorCruz, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorChen, Debbie
dc.contributor.authorHsu, Paul
dc.contributor.authorPandit, Viraj
dc.contributor.authorOmesiete, Pamela
dc.contributor.authorVij, Priyanka
dc.contributor.authorNfonsam, Valentine
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-20T23:50:27Z
dc.date.available2020-10-20T23:50:27Z
dc.date.issued2018-02
dc.identifier.citationCruz, A., Chen, D., Hsu, P., Pandit, V., Omesiete, P., Vij, P., & Nfonsam, V. (2019). Racial and gender disparities in the incidence of anal cancer: analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). Journal of gastrointestinal oncology, 10(1), 37.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2078-6891
dc.identifier.doi10.21037/jgo.2018.10.09
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/647704
dc.description.abstractBackground: Racial and gender disparities have been shown in other gastrointestinal cancers. However, there is a paucity of data on racial and gender disparities in anal cancer (AC). The aim of this study was to assess racial and gender disparities among patients with AC. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2011 database of patients diagnosed with AC with age >= 18. Demographic data including age, race and gender were assessed. Patients were stratified based on race and gender. Log binomial regression was used to generate risk ratios. Results: A total of 6,013,105 patients were assessed and 1,956 (0.03%) patients had AC. Female patients were more at risk of developing AC [relative risk (RR): 1.14, P=0.02]. Whites and Blacks had the highest incidence followed by Asians/Pacific Islanders. Black males had increased risk of AC (RR: 1.43, P<0.01). Amongst Hispanics; both males (RR: 0.69, P=0.05) and females (RR: 0.46, P<0.0001) had decreased risk of developing AC. Finally, we saw that Asian females had a much lower risk of developing AC (RR: 0.33, P<0.01). Conclusions: Racial disparities and gender differences exist in the incidence of AC. Potential causes for this disparity are disparate access to healthcare, lack of education, and lack of awareness. Greater understanding of the racial disparity in AC can help identify at risk population and eventually lead to improved preventative measures to ultimately reduce the incidence of AC.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPIONEER BIOSCIENCE PUBL COen_US
dc.rights© Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectRacial and gender disparities in anal canceren_US
dc.titleRacial and gender disparities in the incidence of anal cancer: analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS)en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2219-679X
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Surgen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Biostat & Epidemiolen_US
dc.identifier.journalJOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL ONCOLOGYen_US
dc.description.noteOpen access journalen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
dc.source.volume10
dc.source.issue1
dc.source.beginpage37
dc.source.endpage41
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-20T23:50:44Z


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© Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.