AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
Univ Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationWagner, K., Stone, J., Dong, R., Ertel, S., Apai, D., Doelman, D., ... & Snik, F. (2020). First Images of the Protoplanetary Disk around PDS 201. The Astronomical Journal, 159(6), 252.
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AbstractScattered light imaging has revealed nearly a dozen circumstellar disks around young Herbig Ae/Be stars-enabling studies of structures in the upper disk layers as potential signs of ongoing planet formation. We present the first images of the disk around the variable Herbig Ae star PDS 201 (V* V351 Ori) and an analysis of the images and spectral energy distribution through 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer simulations and forward modeling. The disk is detected in three data sets with the Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer/Large Binocular Telescope mid-infrared camera at the Large Binocular Telescope, including direct observations in the Ks and L ' filters, and an L ' observation with the 360 degrees vector apodizing phase plate coronagraph. The scattered light disk extends to a very large radius of similar to 250 au, which places it among the largest of such disks. Exterior to the disk, we establish detection limits on substellar companions down to similar to 5 M-Jup at greater than or similar to 15 (greater than or similar to 500 au), assuming the Baraffe et al. models. The images show a radial gap extending to similar to 04 (similar to 140 au at a distance of 340 pc) that is also evident in the spectral energy distribution. The large gap is a possible signpost of multiple high-mass giant planets at orbital distances (similar to 60-100 au) that are unusually massive and widely separated compared to those of planet populations previously inferred from protoplanetary disk substructures.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA Hubble Fellowship Program