Learned value and predictiveness affect gaze but not figure assignment
MetadataShow full item record
CitationOnie, S., Peterson, M. A., Le Pelley, M., & Most, S. B. (2020). Learned value and predictiveness affect gaze but not figure assignment. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1-17.
Rights© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2020
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractMany factors affect figure-ground segregation, but the contributions of attention and reward history to this process is uncertain. We conducted two experiments to investigate whether reward learning influences figure assignment and whether this relationship was mediated by attention. Participants learned to associate certain shapes with a reward contingency: During a learning phase, they chose between two shapes on each trial, with subsets of shapes associated with high-probability win, low-probability win, high-probability loss, and low-probability loss. In a test phase, participants were given a figure-ground task, in which they indicated which of two regions that shared a contour they perceived as the figure (high-probability win and low-probability win shapes were pitted against each other, as were high-probability loss and low-probability loss shapes). The results revealed that participants had learned the reward contingencies and that, following learning, attention was reliably drawn to the optimal stimulus. Despite this, neither reward history nor the resulting attentional allocation influenced figure-ground organization.
Note12 month embargo; published 3 November 2020
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
- Oculomotor capture is influenced by expected reward value but (maybe) not predictiveness.
- Authors: Le Pelley ME, Pearson D, Porter A, Yee H, Luque D
- Issue date: 2019 Feb
- Previously Reward-Associated Stimuli Capture Spatial Attention in the Absence of Changes in the Corresponding Sensory Representations as Measured with MEG.
- Authors: Tankelevitch L, Spaak E, Rushworth MFS, Stokes MG
- Issue date: 2020 Jun 24
- Don't let it distract you: how information about the availability of reward affects attentional selection.
- Authors: Failing M, Theeuwes J
- Issue date: 2017 Nov
- Exogenous spatial attention influences figure-ground assignment.
- Authors: Vecera SP, Flevaris AV, Filapek JC
- Issue date: 2004 Jan
- Attentional mechanisms in learned predictiveness.
- Authors: Mitchell CJ, Griffiths O, Seetoo J, Lovibond PF
- Issue date: 2012 Apr