AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationLuhman, K. L., & Esplin, T. L. (2020). Refining the census of the Upper Scorpius association with Gaia. The Astronomical Journal, 160, 44.
Rights© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe have refined the census of stars and brown dwarfs in the Upper Sco association (similar to 10 Myr, similar to 145 pc) by (1) updating the selection of candidate members from our previous survey to include the high-precision astrometry from the second data release of Gaia, (2) obtaining spectra of a few hundred candidate members to measure their spectral types and verify their youth, and (3) assessing the membership (largely with Gala astrometry) of 2020 stars toward Upper Sco that show evidence of youth in this work and previous studies. We arrive at a catalog of 1761 objects that are adopted as members of Upper Sco. The distribution of spectral types among the adopted members is similar to those in other nearby star-forming regions, indicating a similar initial mass function. In previous studies, we have compiled mid-infrared photometry from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer and the Spitzer Space Telescope for members of Upper Sco and used those data to identify the stars that show evidence of circumstellar disks; we present the same analysis for our new catalog of members. As in earlier work, we find that the fraction of members with disks increases with lower stellar masses, ranging from less than or similar to 10% for >1 M-circle dot to similar to 22% for 0.01-0.3 M-circle dot. Finally, we have estimated the relative ages of Upper Sco and other young associations using their sequences of low-mass stars in M-GRP versus G(BP) - G(Rp). This comparison indicates that Upper Sco is a factor of two younger than the beta Pic association (21-24 Myr) according to both nonmagnetic and magnetic evolutionary models.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Aeronautics and Space Administration