A Rare Case of Leukemia Cutis as the First Presentation of a Myelodysplastic Syndrome to Acute Myeloid Leukemia Transformation
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Internal Med Hematol & Oncol
therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome
acute myeloid leukemia (aml)
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CitationFindakly, D., & Amar, S. (2020). A Rare Case of Leukemia Cutis as the First Presentation of a Myelodysplastic Syndrome to Acute Myeloid Leukemia Transformation. Cureus, 12(6).
RightsCopyright © 2020, Findakly et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0.
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AbstractLeukemia cutis (LC) is a rare presentation of leukemia. It is characterized by the infiltration of leukemic cells into the different layers of the skin causing varying skin manifestations. It can occur before the hematological presentation of leukemia or during the disease course and carries a poor prognosis. Here, we report a patient with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) whose transformation to acute leukemia was heralded by the development of LC. Worrisome cutaneous lesions should not be overlooked, and a skin biopsy should be pursued to confirm the diagnosis. A high index of suspicion is the key to early recognition of sometimes nonspecific skin findings of widespread systemic disease.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2020, Findakly et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0.
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