CitationPegau, R. E. (1970). Effect of reindeer trampling and grazing on lichens. Journal of Range Management, 23(4), 95-97.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractA herd of approximately 500 reindeer was herded over a non-utilized portion of a large Eriophorum-Carex-dwarf shrub meadow near Nome, Alaska during both moist and dry conditions. After one summer of use on approximately 17 sections by the reindeer, 68% of the lichens were dislodged and 16% were shattered into segments less than 1/2 inch. On summer ranges where lichens comprise at least 30% of the available forage, at least 15% of the lichens should be considered as unavailable because of trampling by reindeer.