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CitationLoosli, H. H., Heimann, M., & Oeschger, H. (1980). Low-level gas proportional counting in an underground laboratory. Radiocarbon, 22(2), 461-469.
PublisherAmerican Journal of Science
AbstractResults of measurements in an underground laboratory, 70m of water equivalent. below surface, are given. Background values of proportional gas counters with volumes between 16cc and 1.5L are lower by a factor of 2-4.5 compared to the values in the previously used laboratory (7m w.e.). High counting gas pressures, up to 5 at CH, and up to 36 at P-10, enable the use of relatively small counters with correspondingly small background contributions from the walls. A separation of the residual background into different components is attempted, distinguishing a pressure dependent volume effect and surface correlated contributions. It can be shown that the selection of radioactively pure counter construction material is very important for a good low :level counting system.