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dc.contributor.authorVeres, Mihály
dc.contributor.authorHertelendi, Ede
dc.contributor.authorUchrin, György
dc.contributor.authorCsaba, Eszter
dc.contributor.authorBarnabás, István
dc.contributor.authorOrmai, Péter
dc.contributor.authorVolent, Gábor
dc.contributor.authorFutó, István
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T20:32:54Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T20:32:54Z
dc.date.issued1995-01-01
dc.identifier.citationVeres, M., Hertelendi, E., Uchrin, G., Csaba, E., Barnabás, I., Ormai, P., ... & Futó, I. (1995). Concentration of radiocarbon and its chemical forms in gaseous effluents, environmental air, nuclear waste and primary water of a pressurized water reactor power plant in Hungary. Radiocarbon, 37(2), 497-504.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200030976
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/653274
dc.description.abstractWe measured airborne releases of 14C from the Paks Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). Two continuous stack samplers collect 14C in 14CO2 and 14CnHm chemical forms. 14C activities were measured using two techniques; environmental air samples of lower activities were analyzed by proportional counting, stack samples were measured by liquid scintillation counting. 14C concentration of air in the stack varies between 80 and 200 Bqm-3. The average normalized yearly discharge rates for 1988-1993 were 0.74 TBqGWe-1y-1 for hydrocarbons and 0.06 TBqGWe-1y-1 for CO2. The discharge rate from Paks Nuclear Power Plant is about four times higher than the mean discharge value of a typical Western European PWR NPP. The higher 14C production may be apportioned to the higher level of nitrogen impurities in the primary coolant. Monitoring the long-term average excess from the NPP gave D-14C = 3.5 per mil for CO2 and D-14C = 20 per mil for hydrocarbons. We determined 14C activity concentration in the primary coolant to be ca. 4 kBq liter-1. The 14C activity concentrations of spent mixed bed ion exchange resins vary between 1.2 and 5.3 MBqkg-1 dry weight.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.titleConcentration of Radiocarbon and Its Chemical Forms in Gaseous Effluents, Environmental Air, Nuclear Waste and Primary Water of a Pressurized Water Reactor Power Plant in Hungary
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume37
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage497
dc.source.endpage504
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T20:32:54Z


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