Implications of Dipole Movement Secular Variation from 50,000-10,000 Years for the Radiocarbon Record
MetadataShow full item record
CitationSternberg, R. S., & Damon, P. E. (1992). Implications of dipole moment secular variation from 50,000–10,000 years for the radiocarbon record. Radiocarbon, 34(2), 189-198.
AbstractSparse paleointensity data from 10–50 ka suggest that the average dipole moment (DM) was 50–75% of the average of 8.67 X 1022 A m2 for the past 5 Ma, and 8.75 X 1022 for the past 12 ka. A linear ramp function, increasing the DM from 4 to 8.75 X 1022 A m2 between 50–10 ka BP, generates a total 14C inventory of 126 dpm/cme^2, agreeing very well with an inventory assay of 128 dpm/cme^2, which includes 14C in sediments. With the Lingenfelter and Ramaty (1970) production function and a model DC gain of about 100, this DM function would give a Delta-14C of 500 per mil at 20 ka BP, consistent with the Barbados coral record, and also gives a good match to the Holocene record. A Laschamp geomagnetic event at about 45 ka BP, with a DM of 25% of its average value and lasting 5 ka, would only increase the present inventory by 0.3–1.2 dpm/cme 2, and would probably have only a small effect on Delta-14C at 20 ka BP, but could produce a short-lived 14C spike of over 500 per mil.