First Lapita Settlement and its Chronology in Vava'u, Kingdom of Tonga
CitationBurley, D. V., & Connaughton, S. P. (2007). First Lapita settlement and its chronology in Vava'u, Kingdom of Tonga. Radiocarbon, 49(1), 131-136.
AbstractBeginning approximately cal 1400 BC, Austronesian-speaking Lapita peoples began a colonizing migration across Oceania from the Bismarck Archipelago to western Polynesia. The first point of entry into Polynesia occurred on the island of Tongatapu in Tonga with subsequent spread northward to Samoa along a natural sailing corridor. Radiocarbon measurements from recent excavations at 4 sites in the northern Vavau islands of Tonga provide a chronology for the final stage of this diaspora. These dates indicate that the northern expansion was almost immediate, that a paucity of Lapita sites to the north cannot be explained as a result of lag time in the settlement process, and that decorated Lapita ceramics disappeared rapidly after first landfalls.