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CitationWu, X. H., Wang, H. F., Liu, Y. F., Lu, X. Y., Wang, J. J., & Li, K. (1997). Histone adduction with nicotine: A bio-AMS study. Radiocarbon, 39(3), 293-297.
AbstractBased on the study of DNA adduction with nicotine, we have measured the mouse hepatic histone adduction with 14C-labeled nicotine in vivo by bio-accelerator mass spectrometry (bio-AMS). In the exposure of mice to nicotine, the dose range administered was from 0.2 micrograms to 6.0 micrograms kg b.w.-1, which was equivalent to a very low level of human exposure to cigarette smoke. The adducts of either histone 1(H1) or histone 3 (H3) with nicotine in mouse liver increased markedly with increasing nicotine dose. Our results have demonstrated that in the study of protein adduction with toxic xenobiotics as a biomarker, the AMS method achieves the highest sensitivity, 4.6x 10^-17 mol (46 amol) adducts per mg Hl protein, compared to all the other methods used previously.