Reduction of the Error Multiplier by a Long-Term Analysis of the Characteristic Behaviors of Proportional Counters
AuthorOlsson, Ingrid U.
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CitationOlsson, I. U. (1998). Reduction of the error multiplier by a long-term analysis of the characteristic behaviors of proportional counters. Radiocarbon, 40(1), 143-149.
DescriptionFrom the 16th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Gronigen, Netherlands, June 16-20, 1997.
AbstractA significant reduction in cosmic-ray activity and backgrounds of the gas-filled proportional counters, as measured in a heavy iron shield, was observed when the Uppsala Conventional 14C laboratory was moved in 1984. The new site was better shielded from cosmic rays because of additional concrete layers above the laboratory. A study that lasted over one year yielded a figure for the muon reduction. The backgrounds were reduced approximately to the extent expected from the soft-component contribution at the old Laboratory as judged from barometric-pressure dependence. After a few years, new electronics enforced, and enabled, the revision and improvement of the standard values for the activity and age calculations. A careful analysis of the results for the counters has increased the accuracy of the small corrections needed to yield internal error-multiplication factors mostly between 1 and 1.5 for the background for short periods of up to 12 months, and <1.1 for the oxalic acid samples combined for the last few years of measurements in the laboratory. Similar results were obtained for two counters.