The Effect of N2O, Catalyst, and Means of Water Vapor Removal on the Graphitization of Small CO2 Samples
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CitationSmith, A. M., Petrenko, V. V., Hua, Q., Southon, J., & Brailsford, G. (2007). The effect of N2O, catalyst, and means of water vapor removal on the graphitization of small CO2 samples. Radiocarbon, 49(2), 245-254.
DescriptionFrom the 19th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Keble College, Oxford, England, April 3-7, 2006.
AbstractThe effect of nitrous oxide (N2O) upon the graphitization of small (~40 g of carbon) CO2 samples at the ANSTO and University of California, Irvine, radiocarbon laboratories was investigated. Both laboratories produce graphite samples by reduction of CO2 over a heated iron catalyst in the presence of an excess of H2. Although there are significant differences between the methods employed at each laboratory, it was found that N2O has no effect upon the reaction at levels of up to 9.3% by volume of CO2. Further, it was systematically determined that more effective water vapor trapping resulted in faster reaction rates. Using larger amounts of the Fe catalyst generally resulted in higher yields or reaction rates (but not both). The effects of changing the type of Fe catalyst on the final yield and reaction rate were less clear.