A Revised Late Holocene Culture History for Moloka'i Island, Hawai'i
CitationMcCoy, M. D. (2007). A revised late Holocene culture history for Moloka'i Island, Hawai'i. Radiocarbon, 49(3), 1273-1322.
AbstractBuilding directly upon a previous summary of 45 dates (Weisler 1989), this paper presents radiocarbon age determinations for 175 samples from archaeological and natural contexts and a revised culture history of Moloka'i Island, Hawai;i (cal AD 800 and 1795). Significant culture historical trends include an early settlement pattern apparently generalized with respect to ecozone; a remarkably long initial period of marine and endemic bird exploitation; strong material evidence for the concurrent intensification of subsistence economies, population increase, and the structuring of the social landscape through ritual; and links between island politics as described in oral traditions and site construction. Moreover, these results support a late chronology for the colonization of Hawaii and demonstrate the value of spatial technology for building large chronometric databases.