Decadal Changes of Bomb Radiocarbon in the Subtropical South Pacific Ocean Between 1992 and 2003
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CitationKumamoto, Y., Murata, A., Watanabe, S., & Fukasawa, M. (2007). Decadal changes of bomb radiocarbon in the subtropical South Pacific Ocean between 1992 and 2003. Radiocarbon, 49(2), 937-945.
DescriptionFrom the 19th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Keble College, Oxford, England, April 3-7, 2006.
AbstractA basin-scale repeat hydrography of the WOCE-P06 line along approximately 32S has revealed decadal changes of bomb-produced radiocarbon in the subtropical South Pacific Ocean between 1992 and 2003. Surface ∆14C decreased by about 30. A ∆14C decrease was also found in the upper thermocline from the surface to 400 m water depth. In the lower thermocline, from 400 m to 1100 m depth, however, ∆14C increased, with a maximum increase of 25 at 700 m depth. This contrast between the upper and lower thermoclines resulted in an overall 10% increase of the specific column inventory of bomb 14C from 1992 to 2003. The global ocean inventory of bomb 14C was assessed based on the specific inventory increase in the subtropical South Pacific Ocean. The meridional distribution of bomb 14C in the early 1990s suggests that the bomb 14C increases observed along 32S in 2003 were primarily caused by mixing along isopycnals.