Radiocarbon Reservoir Ages and Hardwater Effect for the Northeastern Coastal Waters of Argentina
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CitationGómez, E. A., Borel, C. M., Aguirre, M. L., & Martínez, D. E. (2008). Radiocarbon reservoir ages and hardwater effect for the northeastern coastal waters of Argentina. Radiocarbon, 50(1), 119-129.
AbstractAccelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates were obtained for 18 mollusk shells collected alive along the Buenos Aires province coast, Argentina, over the period AD 1914-1935. Reservoir ages were estimated for all samples on the basis of the tree-ring calibration curve for the Southern Hemisphere (SHCal04, McCormac et al. 2004) and the marine ΔR values calculated as the difference between the conventional 14C age and the age deduced from the marine, mixed-layer model calculation (Marine04, Hughen et al. 2004). For most coastal locations, a great ΔR scatter was observed, ranging from 191 to 2482 yr, which is explained by the input of varying content of dissolved carbonate by rivers and groundwater (hardwater effect) and indicates a serious limitation for shell-based 14C chronologies. Within the interior of Baha Blanca estuary, ΔR values ranged from 40 to 50 +/- 46 as a consequence of the local geological particularities of the environment. This suggests that, with some restrictions, the marine calibration curve with standard parameters (ΔR = 0) could be used at this location.