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dc.contributor.authorMazar, Amihai
dc.contributor.authorBronk Ramsey, Christopher
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T21:22:20Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T21:22:20Z
dc.date.issued2008-01-01
dc.identifier.citationMazar, A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2008). 14C dates and the Iron Age chronology of Israel: A response. Radiocarbon, 50(2), 159-180.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200033506
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/654096
dc.description.abstractBoaretto et al. (2005) published 68 radiocarbon dates relating to 30 samples from 10 Iron Age sites in Israel as part of their Early Iron Age Dating Project. Though the main goal of their paper was an interlaboratory comparison, they also presented results of Bayesian models, calculating the transition from Iron Age I to Iron Age II in Israel to be about 900 BCE instead of the conventional date of about 1000 BCE. Since this date has great importance for all of Eastern Mediterranean archaeology, in this paper we examine the results in light of the dates published in the above-mentioned article. Our paper was revised in light of new data and interpretations published by Sharon et al. (2007). Following a survey of the contexts and specific results at each site, we present several Bayesian models. Model C2 suggests the date range of 961-942 BCE (68% probability) for the transition from Iron Age I to Iron Age II, while Model C3 indicates a somewhat later date of 948-919 BCE (compare the date 992-961 BCE calculated at Tel Rehov for the same transition). In our Model D, we calculated this transition date at Megiddo as taking place between 967-943 BCE. Finally, we calculated the range of dates of major destruction levels marking the end of the Iron Age I, with the following results: Megiddo VIA: 1010-943 BCE; Yoqne'am XVII: 1045-997 BCE; Tell Qasile X: 1039-979 BCE; Tel Hadar: 1043-979 BCE (all in the 68.2% probability range). Figure 4 indicates that the transition between Iron I and II probably occurred between these above-mentioned destruction events and the dates achieved in our Models C2 or C3, namely during the first half of the 10th century BCE. This study emphasizes the sensitivity of Bayesian models to outliers, and for reducing or adding dates from the models. This sensitivity should be taken into account when using Bayesian models for interpreting radiometric dates in relation to subtle chronological questions in historical periods.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.title14C Dates and the Iron Age Chronology of Israel: A Response
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume50
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage159
dc.source.endpage180
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T21:22:20Z


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