A New Chronology for Pololu Valley, Hawai'i Island: Occupational History and Agricultural Development
CitationField, J. S., & Graves, M. W. (2008). A new chronology for Pololu Valley, Hawai'i Island: Occupational history and agricultural development. Radiocarbon, 50(2), 205-222.
AbstractA reanalysis of the chronology of Pololu Valley, located in the district of Kohala on Hawai'i Island, is presented using standard radiocarbon and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) dating. Using curated materials from the 1970s, Pololu is reassessed and found to have the earliest coastal occupations in this part of Hawai'i, beginning about AD 1300. Occupations at the dunes and in the valley interior are investigated, as are dryland and wetland field agricultural systems. These data provide a refined model for expansion and intensification of agricultural production in the 15th-17th centuries, and link this remote valley to demographic and sociopolitical trends that were occurring in the rest of Hawai'i.