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dc.contributor.authorToyota, Ayu
dc.contributor.authorTayasu, Ichiro
dc.contributor.authorFujimaki, Reiji
dc.contributor.authorKaneko, Nobuhiro
dc.contributor.authorUchida, Masao
dc.contributor.authorShibata, Yasuyuki
dc.contributor.authorHiura, Tsutom
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T21:22:49Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T21:22:49Z
dc.date.issued2010-01-01
dc.identifier.citationToyota, A., Tayasu, I., Fujimaki, R., Kaneko, N., Uchida, M., Shibata, Y., & Hiura, T. (2010). Effects of vegetation switch and subsequent change in soil invertebrate composition on soil carbon accumulation patterns, revealed by radiocarbon concentrations. Radiocarbon, 52(3), 1471-1486.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200046567
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/654220
dc.descriptionFrom the 20th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Kona, Hawaii, USA, May 31-June 3, 2009.
dc.description.abstractVegetation types strongly affect soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation in the terrestrial ecosystem through multiple factors such as litter quality and soil biodiversity. However, the roles of soil fauna in SOC accumulation remain unclear. The objectives of this study were to (1) examine how changes in litter types and soil animal communities affect SOC accumulation in continuously forested or vegetation-switched forest areas; and (2) discuss the role of soil animals in SOC accumulation in forest ecosystems. We focused on soils that have accumulated on top of a volcanic ash layer in the 268 yr since a volcanic eruption in 1739. The radiocarbon "bomb spike" in the late 1950s and early 1960s provides a unique isotopic signature of soil carbon age. We investigated the combined effects of litter quality and soil invertebrate function on soil 14C accumulation patterns. To determine the effects of vegetation types on SOC accumulation, we selected 4 types of cool temperate forests, 2 of which had undergone a vegetation switch in about 1960 (conifer to broadleaved forest, CB; broadleaved forest to conifer, BC), and 2 that had continuous forests (conifer forest, CC; broadleaved forest, BB). The ∆14C values at depth intervals in CC were consistent with the expected bomb-14C profile. In contrast, ∆14C patterns in BB, BC, and CB differed from that of CC. Compared to CC, ∆14C values of the other sites showed relatively high 14C concentrations even in deeper soil layers, which suggests the bomb-induced 14C has been transported to a greater depth by soil animals. Current broadleaved forests (BB and CB) had higher biomass of litter-feeding invertebrates than in current coniferous forests (CC and BC). These results suggest that carbon from leaf litter was vertically translocated to deeper soil layers by the abundant soil invertebrates in broad-leaved forests. Disagreement with the expected soil profile in BC suggests that past vegetation (broadleaved forest) has affected the present SOC accumulation pattern.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.titleEffects of Vegetation Switch and Subsequent Change in Soil Invertebrate Composition on Soil Carbon Accumulation Patterns, Revealed by Radiocarbon Concentrations
dc.typeProceedings
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume52
dc.source.issue3
dc.source.beginpage1471
dc.source.endpage1486
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T21:22:49Z


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