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dc.contributor.authorCook, Gordon T.
dc.contributor.authorBonsall, C.
dc.contributor.authorHedges, Robert E. M.
dc.contributor.authorMcSweeney, K.
dc.contributor.authorBoronean, V.
dc.contributor.authorPettitt, Paul B.
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T21:31:49Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T21:31:49Z
dc.date.issued2001-01-01
dc.identifier.citationCook, G. T., Bonsall, C., Hedges, R. E. M., McSweeney, K., Boronean, V., & Pettitt, P. B. (2001). A freshwater diet-derived 14C reservoir effect at the Stone Age sites in the Iron Gates gorge. Radiocarbon, 43(2A), 453-460.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200038327
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/654412
dc.descriptionFrom the 17th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Jerusalem, Israel, June 18-23, 2000.
dc.description.abstractHuman bones from single inhumation burials and artifacts made from terrestrial mammal (ungulate) bone found in direct association with the skeletons were obtained from the Stone Age site of Schela Cladovei situated just below the Iron Gates Gorge of the River Danube. The results of stable isotope analyses of the human bone collagen are consistent with a heavy dependence on aquatic protein while radiocarbon dating of the samples reveals an offset of 300-500 years between the two sample types, indicating a freshwater reservoir effect in the human bone samples. Since protein consumption is by far the major source of nitrogen in the human diet we have assumed a linear relationship between delta-15N and the level of aquatic protein in each individual's diet and derived a calibration for 14C age offset versus delta-15N which has been applied to a series of results from the site at Lepenski Vir within the gorge. The corrected 14C ages (7310-6720 BP) are now consistent with the previous 14C age measurements made on charcoal from related contexts (7360-6560 BP). In addition, the data indicate a change from a primarily aquatic to a mixed terrestrial/aquatic diet around 7100 BP and this may be argued as supporting a shift from Mesolithic to Neolithic. This study also has wider implications for the accurate dating of human bone samples when the possibility exists of an aquatic component in the dietary protein and strongly implies that delta-15N analysis should be undertaken routinely when dating human bones.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectDanube Valley
dc.subjectIron Gates Gorge
dc.subjectRomania
dc.subjectSchela Cladovei archaeological site
dc.subjectUngulata
dc.subjectfresh water environment
dc.subjectMesolithic
dc.subjectnitrogen
dc.subjectN 15 N 14
dc.subjectNeolithic
dc.subjectStone Age
dc.subjectHominidae
dc.subjectHomo
dc.subjectPrimates
dc.subjectartifacts
dc.subjectdiet
dc.subjectcalibration
dc.subjectTheria
dc.subjectEutheria
dc.subjectcollagen
dc.subjectSouthern Europe
dc.subjectMammalia
dc.subjectarchaeology
dc.subjectisotope ratios
dc.subjectHolocene
dc.subjectChordata
dc.subjectTetrapoda
dc.subjectVertebrata
dc.subjectproteins
dc.subjectorganic compounds
dc.subjectEurope
dc.subjectbones
dc.subjectCenozoic
dc.subjectQuaternary
dc.subjectC 14
dc.subjectcarbon
dc.subjectdates
dc.subjectisotopes
dc.subjectradioactive isotopes
dc.subjectstable isotopes
dc.subjectabsolute age
dc.subjectgeochemistry
dc.titleA Fresh Water Diet-Derived 14C Reservoir Effect at the Stone Age Sites in the Iron Gates Gorge
dc.typeProceedings
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume43
dc.source.issue2A
dc.source.beginpage453
dc.source.endpage460
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T21:31:49Z


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