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dc.contributor.authorKennett, Douglas J.
dc.contributor.authorIngram, B. Lynn
dc.contributor.authorSouthon, John R.
dc.contributor.authorWise, Karen
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T21:32:16Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T21:32:16Z
dc.date.issued2002-01-01
dc.identifier.citationKennett, D. J., Ingram, B. L., Southon, J. R., & Wise, K. (2002). Differences in 14C age between stratigraphically associated charcoal and marine shell from the Archaic Period site of Kilometer 4, Southern Peru: old wood or old water?. Radiocarbon, 44(1), 53-58.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200064663
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/654492
dc.description.abstractConsistently large differences occur in the calibrated 14C ages of stratigraphically associated shell and charcoal samples from Kilometer 4, an Archaic Period archaeological site located on the extreme south coast of Peru. A series of nine shell and charcoal samples were collected from a Late Archaic Period (approximately 6000-4000 BP) sector of the site. After calibration, the intercepts of the charcoal dates were approximately 100-750 years older than the paired shell samples. Due to the hyper-arid conditions in this region that promote long-term preservation of organic material, we argue that the older charcoal dates are best explained by people using old wood for fuel during the Middle Holocene. Given this "old wood" problem, marine shell may actually be preferable to wood charcoal for dating archaeological sites in coastal desert environments as in southern Peru and Northern Chile.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectarchaic
dc.subjectsouthern Peru
dc.subjectlithostratigraphy
dc.subjectPeru
dc.subjectmarine environment
dc.subjectaccuracy
dc.subjectSouth America
dc.subjectarchaeological sites
dc.subjectHolocene
dc.subjectmiddle Holocene
dc.subjectCenozoic
dc.subjectcharcoal
dc.subjectQuaternary
dc.subjectwood
dc.subjectC 14
dc.subjectcarbon
dc.subjectdates
dc.subjectisotopes
dc.subjectradioactive isotopes
dc.subjectshells
dc.subjectabsolute age
dc.titleDifferences in 14C Age Between Stratigraphically Associated Charcoal and Marine Shell from the Archaic Period Site of Kilometer 4, Southern Peru: Old Wood or Old Water?
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume44
dc.source.issue1
dc.source.beginpage53
dc.source.endpage58
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T21:32:16Z


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