Measurement of Radiocarbon Content in Leaves from Some Japanese Sites
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CitationMuraki, Y., Masuda, K., Arslanov, K., Toyoizumi, H., Kato, M., Naruse, Y., ... & Nishiyama, T. (2001). Measurement of radiocarbon content in leaves from some Japanese sites. Radiocarbon, 43(2B), 695-701.
DescriptionFrom the 17th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Jerusalem, Israel, June 18-23, 2000.
AbstractWe have measured radiocarbon contents in leaves collected from 15 sites in Japan, including mountain areas and big city areas for last three years. Comparing the radiocarbon contents in various areas, high 14C concentrations (80-100‰ as δ14C) are seen for the leaves from the mountain and country sites. On the contrary, low concentrations (5-40‰) were observed for the leaves from city region, especially near the road with heavy traffic. These results indicate that the atmosphere of the mountain and country sites in Japan is still clean but the CO2 gas coming from fossil non-radioactive carbon significantly pollutes the atmosphere of the city sites. The value of δ14C for the mountain areas implies that 14C produced by nuclear bomb test in 1960s still remains. The decrease of δ14C at heavy traffic sites in Tokyo is consistent with the increase of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere assuming that almost all CO2 gas in this region originates from the fossil fuel.