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dc.contributor.authorSümegi, Pál
dc.contributor.authorHertelendi, Ede
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T21:33:01Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T21:33:01Z
dc.date.issued1998-01-01
dc.identifier.citationSümegi, P., & Hertelendi, E. (1998). Reconstruction of microenvironmental changes in the Kopasz Hill loess area at Tokaj (Hungary) between 15 and 70 ka BP. Radiocarbon, 40(2), 855-863.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200018828
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/654623
dc.descriptionFrom the 16th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Gronigen, Netherlands, June 16-20, 1997.
dc.description.abstractWe collected 11 Kopasz Hill loess profiles for paleoecological and geochronological analysis. The loess accumulation and development formed during the last (Weichselian) glacial period between 70 and 15 ka BP. We found that the majority of the loess profiles were composed of three typical loess strata and two well-developed paleosol horizons. Based on vertebrate remains, the lowest loess layer formed between 70-50 ka BP, during the first cool and dry climatic phase of the last glacial period, when forest steppe vegetation dominated in the Kopasz Hill area. On the surface of the lowermost layer, a paleosol developed between 50 and 40 ka BP as an indication of a more humid and warmer climatic phase. This paleosol layer was buried by a new loess layer that developed between 40 and 32 ka BP. The upper paleosol horizon developed between 32 and 26 ka BP. Molluscs preferring a mild climate were found in this layer, suggesting that this phase was wet and relatively temperate. A number of fired macrocharcoal remains can be found on the top of this paleosol layer. Charcoal samples from nine sites were dated by radiocarbon analyses. These results reflect the presence of a charcoal-rich horizon that developed 28-26 ka BP. Ca. 26 ka BP, loess formation resumed. We analyzed 14 samples from 6 sites by the 14C method. Based on 14C data, the uppermost part of loess profiles developed between 26 and 15 ka BP.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectKopasz Hill
dc.subjectTokaj Hungary
dc.subjectTokaj Mountains
dc.subjectTokaj Eperjes Mountains
dc.subjectloess
dc.subjectHungary
dc.subjectPaleosols
dc.subjectpaleoecology
dc.subjectpaleoenvironment
dc.subjectfossils
dc.subjectWeichselian
dc.subjectvegetation
dc.subjectisotope ratios
dc.subjectCentral Europe
dc.subjectChordata
dc.subjectVertebrata
dc.subjectpaleoclimatology
dc.subjectPleistocene
dc.subjectupper Pleistocene
dc.subjectglaciation
dc.subjectEurope
dc.subjectsediments
dc.subjectCenozoic
dc.subjectcharcoal
dc.subjectQuaternary
dc.subjectclastic sediments
dc.subjectC 14
dc.subjectcarbon
dc.subjectdates
dc.subjectisotopes
dc.subjectradioactive isotopes
dc.subjectshells
dc.subjectInvertebrata
dc.subjectMollusca
dc.subjectC 13 C 12
dc.subjectstable isotopes
dc.subjectabsolute age
dc.titleReconstruction of Microenvironmental Changes in the Kopasz Hill Loess Area at Tokaj (Hungary) Between 15 and 70 ka BP
dc.typeProceedings
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume40
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage855
dc.source.endpage863
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T21:33:01Z


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