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dc.contributor.authorBurton, Margie
dc.contributor.authorLevy, Thomas E.
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T21:33:14Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T21:33:14Z
dc.date.issued2001-01-01
dc.identifier.citationBurton, M., & Levy, T. E. (2001). The Chalcolithic radiocarbon record and its use in southern Levantine archaeology. Radiocarbon, 43(3), 1223-1246.
dc.identifier.issn0033-8222
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033822200038510
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/654656
dc.descriptionFrom the 17th International Radiocarbon Conference held in Jerusalem, Israel, June 18-23, 2000.
dc.description.abstractArchaeological evidence suggests that the Chalcolithic period (5th–4th millennium BCE) in the southern Levant was a time of significant settlement expansion and increasing social complexity. Important technological and social developments during this era set the stage for the later rise of fortified sites and nascence of urbanization in the Early Bronze Age. Controversy surrounding the chronology of Chalcolithic settlement and the reconstruction of social trajectories has stimulated an interest in building a database of radiocarbon dates to measure the tempo of change and help resolve these issues. To facilitate social evolutionary research, this paper reviews and updates published 14C data for the southern Levantine Chalcolithic. The now-substantial database supports the generally accepted time frame for this archaeological period and allows synchronic comparisons across diverse geographic subregions in the southern Levant. In addition, it helps to temporally place the emergence of sophisticated technologies and the development of complex social institutions within the Chalcolithic period. However, radiometrically based attempts at pan-regional internal periodization of the Chalcolithic and fine-tuning of protohistoric events such as site establishment and abandonment are frustrated by the lack of precision in 14C dates, which limits their ability to resolve chronological sequence. Improved delineation of Chalcolithic social trajectories can be achieved most effectively by focussing research efforts on stratigraphic and typological investigations of deeply-stratified settlement sites such as Teleilat Ghassul and Shiqmim within their local contexts.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
dc.relation.urlhttp://radiocarbon.webhost.uits.arizona.edu/
dc.rightsCopyright © by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.titleThe Chalcolithic Radiocarbon Record and Its Use in Southern Levantine Archaeology
dc.typeProceedings
dc.typetext
dc.identifier.journalRadiocarbon
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Radiocarbon archives are made available by Radiocarbon and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform February 2021
dc.source.volume43
dc.source.issue3
dc.source.beginpage1223
dc.source.endpage1246
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-11T21:33:14Z


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