Petrology and geochemistry of D'Orbigny, geochemistry of Sahara 99555, and the origin of angrites
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CitationMittlefehldt, D. W., Killgore, M., & Lee, M. T. (2002). Petrology and geochemistry of D'Orbigny, geochemistry of Sahara 99555, and the origin of angrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(3), 345-369.
PublisherThe Meteoritical Society
JournalMeteoritics & Planetary Science
AbstractWe have done a detailed petrologic study of the angrite, D'Orbigny, and geochemical study of it and Sahara 99555. D'Orbigny is an igneous‐textured rock composed of Ca‐rich olivine, Al‐Ti‐diopside‐hedenbergite, subcalcic kirschsteinite, two generations of hercynitic spinel and anorthite, with the mesostasis phases ulvöspinel, Ca‐phosphate, a silico‐phosphate phase and Fe‐sulfide. We report an unknown Fe‐Ca‐Al‐Ti‐silicate phase in the mesostasis not previously found in angrites. One hercynitic spinel is a large, rounded homogeneous grain of a different composition than the euhedral and zoned grains. We believe the former is a xenocryst, the first such described from angrites. The mafic phases are highly zoned; mg# of cores for olivine are ˜64, and for clinopyroxene ˜58, and both are zoned to Mg‐free rims. The Ca content of olivine increases with decreasing mg#, until olivine with ˜20 mol% Ca is overgrown by subcalcic kirschsteinite with about 30–35 mol% Ca. Detailed zoning sequences in olivine‐subcalcic kirschsteinite and clinopyroxene show slight compositional reversals. There is no mineralogic control that can explain these reversals, and we believe they were likely caused by local additions of more primitive melt during crystallization of D'Orbigny. D'Orbigny is the most ferroan angrite with a bulk rock mg# of 32. Compositionally, it is virtually identical to Sahara 99555; they are the first set of compositionally identical angrites. Comparison with the other angrites shows that there is no simple petrogenetic sequence, partial melting with or without fractional crystallization, that can explain the angrite suite. Angra dos Reis remains an anomalous angrite. Angrites show no evidence for the brecciation, shock, impact metamorphism, or thermal metamorphism that affected the howardite, eucrite, diogenite (HED) suite and ordinary chondrites. This suggests that the angrite parent body may have followed a fundamentally different evolutionary path than did these other parent bodies.