Thermal decomposition pattern and particle size estimation of iron minerals associated with the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Gubbio
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CitationVerma, H. C., Upadhyay, C., Tripathi, A., Tripathi, R. P., & Bhandari, N. (2002). Thermal decomposition pattern and particle size estimation of iron minerals associated with the Cretaceous‐Tertiary boundary at Gubbio. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(7), 901-909.
PublisherThe Meteoritical Society
JournalMeteoritics & Planetary Science
AbstractMössbauer studies of the samples from the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary (KTB) layer at Gubbio, Italy show that iron appears mainly in two phases, magnetically ordered hematite and a paramagnetic silicate phase. The average particle size of hematite is estimated to be in the range 16-27 nm from the Transmission Electron Micrographs and lack of Morin transition. The hyperfine magnetic field at the iron nucleus is observed to be somewhat less than that of bulk hematite, which may be explained by collective magnetic excitation. Stepwise heating up to 1000 degrees C shows a decomposition pattern of the paramagnetic phase, which suggests it to be a tri-octahedral layer silicate. The iron-bearing phases found in the bulk sedimentary KTB material are different from those found in the spherules separated from this material indicating that the REDOX conditions changed rapidly after the impact, becoming more oxidizing during the period these bulk phases were formed.