The Morávka meteorite fall: 2. Interpretation of infrasonic and seismic data
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CitationBrown, P. G., Kalenda, P., ReVelle, D. O., & Boroviĉka, J. (2003). The Morávka meteorite fall: 2. Interpretation of infrasonic and seismic data. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 38(7), 989-1003.
PublisherThe Meteoritical Society
JournalMeteoritics & Planetary Science
AbstractThe sound production from the Morávka fireball has been examined in detail making use of infrasound and seismic data. A detailed analysis of the production and propagation of sonic waves during the atmospheric entry of the Morávka meteoroid demonstrates that the acoustic energy was produced both by the hypersonic flight of the meteoroid (producing a cylindrical blast wave) and by individual fragmentation events of the meteoroid, which acted as small explosions (producing quasi- spherical shock waves). The deviation of the ray normals for the fragmentation events was found to be as much as 30 degrees beyond that expected from a purely cylindrical line source blast. The main fragmentation of the bolide was confined to heights above 30 km with a possible maximum in acoustic energy production near 38 km. Seismic stations recorded both the direct arrival of the airwaves (the strongest signal) as well as air-coupled P-waves and Rayleigh waves (earlier signals). In addition, deep underground stations detected the seismic signature of the fireball. The seismic data alone permit reconstruction of the fireball trajectory to a precision on the order of a few degrees. The velocity of the meteoroid is much less well-determined by these seismic data. The more distant infrasonic station detected 3 distinct signals from the fireball, identified as a thermospheric return, a stratospheric return, and an unusual mode propagating through the stratosphere horizontally and then leaking to the receiver.