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CitationWang, Y., & Hsu, W. (2009). Petrology and mineralogy of the Ningqiang carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 44(5), 763-780.
PublisherThe Meteoritical Society
JournalMeteoritics & Planetary Science
AbstractWe report detailed chemical, petrological, and mineralogical studies on the Ningqiang carbonaceous chondrite. Ningqiang is a unique ungrouped type 3 carbonaceous chondrite. Its bulk composition is similar to that of CV and CK chondrites, but refractory lithophile elements (1.01 CI) are distinctly depleted relative to CV (1.29 CI) and CK (1.20 CI) chondrites. Ningqiang consists of 47.5 vol% chondrules, 2.0 vol% Ca,Al-rich inclusions (CAIs), 4.5 vol% amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs), and 46.0 vol% matrix. Most chondrules (95%) in Ningqiang are Mgrich. The abundances of Fe-rich and Al-rich chondrules are very low. Al-rich chondrules (ARCs) in Ningqiang are composed mainly of olivine, plagioclase, spinel, and pyroxenes. In ARCs, spinel and plagioclase are enriched in moderately volatile elements (Cr, Mn, and Na), and low-Ca pyroxenes are enriched in refractory elements (Al and Ti). The petrology and mineralogy of ARCs in Ningqiang indicate that they were formed from hybrid precursors of ferromagnesian chondrules mixed with refractory materials during chondrule formation processes. We found 294 CAIs (55.0% type A, 39.5% spinel-pyroxene-rich, 4.4% hibonite-rich, and several type degrees C and anorthite-spinelrich inclusions) and 73 AOAs in 15 Ningqiang sections (equivalent to 20 cm^2 surface area). This is the first report of hibonite-rich inclusions in Ningqiang. They are texturally similar to those in CM, CH, and CB chondrites, and exhibit three textural forms: aggregates of euhedral hibonite single crystals, fine-grained aggregates of subhedral hibonite with minor spinel, and hibonite Al,Ti-diopside spinel spherules. Evidence of secondary alteration is ubiquitous in Ningqiang. Opaque assemblages, formed by secondary alteration of pre-existing alloys on the parent body, are widespread in chondrules and matrix. On the other hand, nepheline and sodalite, existing in all chondritic components, formed by alkali-halogen metasomatism in the solar nebula.