The 1968 Excavations at Mound 8 Las Colinas Ruins Group, Phoenix, Arizona [No. 154]
EditorsHammack, Laurens C.
Sullivan, Alan P.
Mounds -- Arizona -- Phoenix.
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Arizona -- Phoenix.
Las Colinas Site (Phoenix, Ariz.)
Arizona -- Phoenix.
Arizona -- Phoenix -- Las Colinas Site.
MetadataShow full item record
Other TitlesArizona State Museum Archaeological Series No. 154
CitationHammack, Laurens C. & Alan P. Sullivan (editors) 1981. The 1968 Excavations at Mound 8 Las Colinas Ruins Group, Phoenix, Arizona. Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series No. 154. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
DescriptionThe 1968 Excavations at Mound 8 Las Colinas Ruins Group, Phoenix, Arizona. Prepared for Arizona Department of Transportation. Edited and Assembled by Laurens C. Hammack and Alan P. Sullivan. Contributions by Kim E. Beckwith, Patricia L. Crown, David A. Gregory, Laurens C. Hammack, Nancy S. Hammack, Richard J. Harrington, Bruce B. Huckell, Paul C. Johnson, Sandra Olsen, Amadeo M. Rea, William J. Robinson, Marilyn B. Saul, Benjamin W. Smith, Edward Staski, George A. Teague, Lynn S. Teague, Sharon F. Urban, Jamie L. Webb. Submitted by Cultural Resource Management Section, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, September 1981. Archaeological Series No. 154.
AbstractThis report describes the nature, extent, and results of archaeological excavations conducted at Mound 8 of the Las Colinas Ruins Group, Phoenix, Arizona. The excavations, undertaken in 1968, and subsequent analyses carried out during the following decade, were supervised by Laurens C. Hammack, then of the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona. The Arizona State Museum excavations were authorized by the Arizona Department of Transportation as part of an annual Statewide Archaeological Contract between the two agencies. Las Colinas is a Classic period (A.D. 1100-1450) Hohokam site located between Interstate 17 and 27th Avenue, south of McDowell Road, in Phoenix. The site consists of a specially constructed platform mound, habitation structures, and assorted features. These prehistoric remains were damaged by the construction of a historic adobe house in the 1880s and by vandalism through the following years. Mound 8, and the remains in the immediate vicinity, are threatened by the proposed construction of a segment of Interstate 10 known as the Papago Freeway. Excavations focused on Mound 8, although the flat area east of the mound was tested; a single cremation area was discovered there. Habitation structures on and around the mound were excavated also. It was determined that the mound was composed of post-reinforced, adobe-walled cells and encircling walls that formed the core of the structure. Various additions were made to this core, the most notable of which was a massive, solid-adobe wall. The top of the mound was capped with a layer of adobe on four different occasions. At least 22 habitation structures, both pit houses and houses with solid-adobe walls, were discovered during the excavations. The range of structure morphology for any given period of occupation is much greater than that previously reported for other Classic period Hohokam sites. These and numerous other architectural features are discussed in this report. Substantial collections of ceramic, chipped stone, and ground stone artifacts were recovered. These assemblages were thoroughly analyzed. The methods and results of these analyses are reported in this volume. In addition, specialized analyses were performed on a wide range of materials recovered from the excavations. These analyses, described in appendices, pertain to human osteological remains, disposal of the dead, mammalian remains, bone artifacts, avian remains, shell artifacts, pollen identification, charcoal identification, and historic artifacts. A final appendix lists Arizona State Museum catalogue numbers for many of the artifacts and illustrations found in the volume.
Series/Report no.Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series, 154
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