Addressing Implementation Challenges to Digital Care Delivery for Adults With Multiple Chronic Conditions: Stakeholder Feedback in a Randomized Controlled Trial
Kearney, Shannon M
Karp, Jordan F
Kraemer, Kevin L
Park, Margaret J
AffiliationCollege of Medicine-Tucson, University of Arizona
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine-Tucson, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherJMIR Publications Inc.
CitationWilliams, K., Markwardt, S., Kearney, S. M., Karp, J. F., Kraemer, K. L., Park, M. J., ... & Beckjord, E. (2021). Addressing Implementation Challenges to Digital Care Delivery for Adults With Multiple Chronic Conditions: Stakeholder Feedback in a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 9(2), e23498.
JournalJMIR mHealth and uHealth
Rights© Kelly Williams, Sarah Markwardt, Shannon M Kearney, Jordan F Karp, Kevin L Kraemer, Margaret J Park, Paul Freund, Andrew Watson, James Schuster, Ellen Beckjord. Originally published in JMIR mHealth and uHealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org),01.02.2021. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractBackground: Digital tools accessed via smartphones can promote chronic condition management, reduce disparities in health care and hospital readmissions, and improve quality of life. However, whether digital care strategies can be implemented successfully on a large scale with traditionally underserved populations remains uncertain. Objective: As part of a randomized trial comparing care delivery strategies for Medicaid and Medicare-Medicaid beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions, our stakeholders identified implementation challenges, and we developed stakeholder-driven adaptions to improve a digitally delivered care management strategy (high-tech care). Methods: We used 4 mechanisms (study support log, Patient Partners Work Group log, case interview log, and implementation meeting minutes) to capture stakeholder feedback about technology-related challenges and solutions from 9 patient partners, 129 participants, and 32 care managers and used these data to develop and implement solutions. To assess the impact, we analyzed high-tech care exit surveys and intervention engagement outcomes (video visits and condition-specific text message check-ins sent at varying intervals) before and after each solution was implemented. Results: Challenges centered around 2 themes: difficulty using both smartphones and high-tech care components and difficulty using high-tech care components due to connectivity issues. To respond to the first theme's challenges, we devised 3 solutions: tech visits (eg, in-person technology support visits), tech packet (eg, participant-facing technology user guide), and tailored condition-specific text message check-ins. During the first 20 months of implementation, 73 participants received at least one tech visit. We observed a 15% increase in video call completion for participants with data before and after the tech visit (n=25) and a 7% increase in check-in completion for participants with data before and after the tech visit (n=59). Of the 379 participants given a tech packet, 179 completed care during this timeframe and were eligible for an exit survey. Of the survey respondents, 76% (73/96) found the tech packet helpful and 64% (62/96) actively used it during care. To support condition-specific text message check-in completion, we allowed for adaption of day and/or time of the text message with 31 participants changing the time they received check-ins and change in standard biometric settings with 13 physicians requesting personalized settings for participants. To respond to the second theme's challenges, tech visits or phone calls were made to demonstrate how to use a smartphone to connect or disconnect from the internet, to schedule video calls, or for condition-specific text message check-ins in a location with broadband/internet. Conclusions: Having structured stakeholder feedback mechanisms is key to identify challenges and solutions to digital care engagement. Creating flexible and scalable solutions to technology-related challenges will increase equity in accessing digital care and support more effective engagement of chronically ill populations in the use of these digital care tools.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Kelly Williams, Sarah Markwardt, Shannon M Kearney, Jordan F Karp, Kevin L Kraemer, Margaret J Park, Paul Freund, Andrew Watson, James Schuster, Ellen Beckjord. Originally published in JMIR mHealth and uHealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org),01.02.2021. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).