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dc.contributor.authorSadeghiyeh, Hashem
dc.contributor.authorWang, Siyu
dc.contributor.authorAlberhasky, Maxwell R.
dc.contributor.authorKyllo, Hannah M.
dc.contributor.authorShenhav, Amitai
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Robert C.
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-02T20:01:54Z
dc.date.available2021-04-02T20:01:54Z
dc.date.issued2020-03
dc.identifier.citationSadeghiyeh, H., Wang, S., Alberhasky, M.R. et al. Temporal discounting correlates with directed exploration but not with random exploration. Sci Rep 10, 4020 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60576-4
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.pmid32132573
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-020-60576-4
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/657411
dc.description.abstractThe explore-exploit dilemma describes the trade off that occurs any time we must choose between exploring unknown options and exploiting options we know well. Implicit in this trade off is how we value future rewards - exploiting is usually better in the short term, but in the longer term the benefits of exploration can be huge. Thus, in theory there should be a tight connection between how much people value future rewards, i.e. how much they discount future rewards relative to immediate rewards, and how likely they are to explore, with less 'temporal discounting' associated with more exploration. By measuring individual differences in temporal discounting and correlating them with explore-exploit behavior, we tested whether this theoretical prediction holds in practice. We used the 27-item Delay-iscounting Questionnaire to estimate temporal discounting and the Horizon Task to quantify two strategies of explore-exploit behavior: directed exploration, where information drives exploration by choice, and random exploration, where behavioral variability drives exploration by chance. We find a clear correlation between temporal discounting and directed exploration, with more temporal discounting leading to less directed exploration. Conversely, we find no relationship between temporal discounting and random exploration. Unexpectedly, we find that the relationship with directed exploration appears to be driven by a correlation between temporal discounting and uncertainty seeking at short time horizons, rather than information seeking at long horizons. Taken together our results suggest a nuanced relationship between temporal discounting and explore-exploit behavior that may be mediated by multiple factors.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visithttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleTemporal discounting correlates with directed exploration but not with random exploration
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Cognit Sci Program
dc.identifier.journalSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
dc.description.noteOpen access journal
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.source.journaltitleSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
refterms.dateFOA2021-04-02T20:01:54Z


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© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visithttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visithttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.