Hohokam Archaeology Along the Salt Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project - Volume VII: Environment and Subsistence [No. 150 Vol. 7]
EditorsTeague, Lynn S.
Crown, Patricia L.
Indians of North America -- Arizona -- Maricopa County -- Antiquities.
Indians of North America -- Arizona -- Pinal County -- Antiquities.
Indians of North America -- Antiquities.
Maricopa County (Ariz.) -- Antiquities.
Pinal County (Ariz.) -- Antiquities.
Arizona -- Antiquities.
Arizona -- Maricopa County.
Arizona -- Pinal County.
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Other TitlesArizona State Museum Archaeological Series No. 150 Vol. 7
CitationTeague, Lynn S. and Patricia L. Crown (editors) 1984. Hohokam Archaeology Along the Salt Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project - Volume VII: Environment and Subsistence. Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series No. 150 Vol. 7. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
DescriptionHohokam Archaeology Along the Salt Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project Volume VII: Environment and Subsistence, Edited by Lynn S. Teague and Patricia L. Crown. Contributions by Suzanne K. Fish, Charles H. Miksicek, Christine R. Szuter, Patricia L. Crown, Russell J. Barber, Frank Hull. Submitted by Cultural Resource Management Division, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona. Prepared for United States Bureau of Reclamation Contract No. 0-07-32-V0101, 1984. Archaeological Series No. 150.
AbstractThis seventh volume in the nine-volume series showing results of archaeological studies along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct, focuses upon studies of environmental conditions and subsistence practices at the 45 Hohokam sites investigated by the project. These represent an important element of project research and a level of attention to these studies unprecedented in Hohokam archaeology. It is in this volume that the final results of botanical, faunal, and palynological work are reported. In addition, there are summary statements on SGA Project work related to agricultural technology, broader agricultural strategies, and strategies for the exploitation of natural resources of the Sonoran Desert. This work, taken as a whole, reflects the extraordinary diversity and flexibility of Hohokam subsistence strategies. While drought and floods are the inevitable enemies of agricultural populations, the Hohokam appear to have developed the means of coping with their environment early in their history.
Series/Report no.Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series, 150 Vol. 7
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The Archaeological Survey of the Northern Tucson 138 kV Transmission Line System: The Northern Tucson Basin and Lower Santa Cruz Valley, Arizona [No. 132]Rozen, Kenneth (Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1979)In August 1978, an archaeological survey of the proposed Northern Tucson 138 kV Transmission Line System was conducted by the Cultural Resource Management Section of the Arizona State Museum, under the sponsorship of the Tucson Gas & Electric Company (TG&E). The rights-of-way of about 40 miles of existing and proposed transmission lines, extending from within the city of Tucson, Arizona, north to the vicinity of Red Rock, Arizona, and the site of the proposed Tortolita Substation were surveyed. Most of the region in which the transmission line system is located has not previously been subjected to archaeological investigation. As a result of the survey, eight areas of archaeological remains were identified; four were assigned Arizona State Museum site numbers. Two of the sites are interpreted as representing the remains of prehistoric agricultural activities, while one site is a historic trash dump; the significance of the prehistoric remains at the fourth site is uncertain. The four areas of archaeological materials that were not assigned site status include two sparse scatters of prehistoric artifacts, a sparse prehistoric and historic artifact scatter, and a small concentration of lithic artifacts that is interpreted as having been produced by the reduction of one or two cobbles. In addition, numerous isolated artifacts were found widely scattered along most of the transmission line rights-of-way. Included in this report are a description of the transmission line system facilities and of the methods by which they were surveyed. The environmental setting of the project area, including its physiography, climate, geology, flora, and fauna, is briefly discussed, and a review of its archaeological background presented. The archaeological remains discovered during the survey are described, and their significance briefly discussed. Recommendations for the management of the archaeological resources are provided, and an opinion given regarding their eligibility for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places and the Arizona State Register of Historic Places.
Hohokam Archaeology Along the Salt Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project - Volume IX: Synthesis and Conclusions [No. 150 Vol. 9]Teague, Lynn S.; Crown, Patricia L. (Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1984)This volume is the last in a series of nine reporting the work of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project Archaeological Data Collection Studies and Supplemental Class 3 Survey Project (SGA). This study was funded by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Contract No. 0-07- 32-V0101) to mitigate potential adverse impacts of Central Arizona Project construction on cultural resources in the aqueduct right-of-way. Data recovery was conducted at 45 Hohokam sites along a 93 km (58 mile) transect extending from Apache Junction to a point southwest of Coolidge and near Picacho, Arizona (Fig. Intro. 1). This is the largest of the Central Arizona Project archaeological studies to date, although it may fall short of being the largest that will be conducted under the program. (excerpt from Introduction)
Archaeological Excavations at AZ I:10:30 (ASM), A Sinagua Settlement: Townsend-Divide Unit I, U.S. Highway 89, Coconino County, Arizona [No. 169]Tagg, Martyn D.; Layhe, Robert W. (Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1985)This report describes and discusses archaeological data recovery at a Sinagua site (AZ 1:10:30, ASM) within an Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) right-of-way near Flagstaff, Arizona. A brief discussion of the research potential of the site and of the cultural history and natural setting of the region is provided. This is followed by feature descriptions, artifact analyses and results, and interpretations of the subsistance patterns, chronology, and external relationships of the inhabitants of the site. Specialized analyses are provided in four appendixes at the end of the report. The investigations at Townsend-Divide (AZ 1:10:30, ASM), involving excavations on a small portion of a larger site, revealed two pit houses and four burials associated with the late Rio de Flag, Angell-Winona phases (A.D. 1000 to 1100). This work added useful information to our understanding of the Sinagua in the Flagstaff region in the Preeruptive-Posteruptive period, just after the formation of Sunset Crater in A.D. 1064 to 1066.