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dc.contributor.authorMorris, R. V.
dc.contributor.authorRampe, E. B.
dc.contributor.authorVaniman, D. T.
dc.contributor.authorChristoffersen, R.
dc.contributor.authorYen, A. S.
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, S. M.
dc.contributor.authorMing, D. W.
dc.contributor.authorAchilles, C. N.
dc.contributor.authorFraeman, A. A.
dc.contributor.authorLe, L.
dc.contributor.authorTu, V. M.
dc.contributor.authorOtt, J. P.
dc.contributor.authorTreiman, A. H.
dc.contributor.authorHogancamp, J. V.
dc.contributor.authorGraff, T. G.
dc.contributor.authorAdams, M.
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, J. C.
dc.contributor.authorMertzman, S. A.
dc.contributor.authorBristow, T. F.
dc.contributor.authorBlake, D. F.
dc.contributor.authorCastle, N.
dc.contributor.authorChipera, S. J.
dc.contributor.authorCraig, P. I.
dc.contributor.authorDes Marais, D. J.
dc.contributor.authorDowns, G.
dc.contributor.authorDowns, R. T.
dc.contributor.authorHazen, R. M.
dc.contributor.authorMorookian, J.‐M.
dc.contributor.authorThorpe, M.
dc.identifier.citationMorris, R. V., Rampe, E. B., Vaniman, D. T., Christoffersen, R., Yen, A. S., Morrison, S. M., ... & Thorpe, M. (2020). Hydrothermal precipitation of sanidine (adularia) having full Al,Si structural disorder and specular hematite at Maunakea volcano (Hawai'i) and at Gale Crater (Mars). Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 125(9), e2019JE006324.en_US
dc.description.abstractHydrothermal high sanidine and specular hematite are found within ferric-rich and gray-colored cemented basaltic breccia occurring within horizontal, weathering-resistant strata exposed in an erosional gully of the Pu'u Poliahu cinder cone in the summit region of Maunakea volcano (Hawai'i). The cone was extensively altered by hydrothermal, acid-sulfate fluids at temperatures up to similar to 400 degrees C, and, within strata, plagioclase was removed by dissolution from progenitor Hawaiitic basalt, and sanidine and hematite were precipitated. Fe2O3T concentration and Fe3+/ n-ary sumation Fe redox state are similar to 12 wt.% and similar to 0.4 for progenitor basalt and 46-60 wt.% and similar to 1.0 for cemented breccias, respectively, implying open-system alteration and oxic precipitation. Hydrothermal high sanidine (adularia) is characterized by full Al,Si structural disorder and monoclinic unit-cell (Rietveld refinement):a = 8.563(19) angstrom, b = 13.040(6) angstrom, c = 7.169(4) angstrom, beta = 116.02(10)degrees, andV = 719.4(19) angstrom(3). Hematite (structure confirmed by Rietveld refinement) is the predominant Fe-bearing phase detected. Coarse size fractions of powdered hematite-rich breccia (500-1000 mu m) are dark and spectrally neutral at visible wavelengths, confirming specular hematite, and SEM images show platy to polyhedral hematite morphologies with longest dimensions >10 mu m. Smectite and 10-angstrom phyllosilicate, both chemically dominated by Mg as octahedral cation, are additional diagenetic hydrothermal alteration products. By analogy and as a working hypothesis, high sanidine (Kimberly formation) and specular hematite (Mt. Sharp group at Hartmann's Valley and Vera Rubin ridge) at Gale crater are interpreted as diagenetic alteration products of Martian basaltic material by hydrothermal processes.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipJohnson Space Centeren_US
dc.rights© 2020 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.en_US
dc.titleHydrothermal Precipitation of Sanidine (Adularia) Having Full Al,Si Structural Disorder and Specular Hematite at Maunakea Volcano (Hawai'i) and at Gale Crater (Mars)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Geoscien_US
dc.description.noteOpen access articleen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets

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© 2020 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2020 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.