Rangelands, Volume 39, Number 5 (2017)
ABOUT THE COLLECTIONS
Welcome to the Rangelands archives. The archives provide public access, in a "rolling window" agreement with the Society for Range Management, to Rangelands (1979-present) from v.1 up to three years from the present year.
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Coping Strategies During Drought: The Case of Rangeland Users in Southwest IranThis study assesses the drought coping strategies of rangeland users (RUs) in Fars province in southwest Iran. Our findings reveal that in the RUs’ experience, the most effective drought coping strategies include reducing stocking rates and the gradual reduction of inefficient, old, and sick livestock. The data also indicate that RUs promote rangeland resilience during a drought through range protection/exclosures, seeding, and broadcast seeding. This study therefore suggests that the indigenous knowledge of RUs could improve existing training and extension programs by providing localized environmental contexts for developing coping strategies before, during, and after drought. © 2017 The Society for Range Management
Testing a Remote Sensing-Based Interactive System for Monitoring Grazed Conservation LandsMany public agencies and land trusts that manage grazing lands are interested in using remote sensing technologies to make their monitoring programs more efficient but lack the expertise to do so. In California annual grasslands, using remote sensing is especially challenging because the dominant vegetation is not detectable by standard technologies at a key time of year for monitoring. The Nature Conservancy of California (TNC) has developed RDMapper, an easy-to-use web-based tool that uses satellite-based productivity estimates, rainfall records, and compliance history to identify management units at risk of being below the required level of residual dry matter (RDM). TNC successfully used RDMapper in 2015 and 2016 to predict compliance across approximately 47,000 hectares of conservation easement grasslands, while reducing monitoring costs by 42%. We also applied RDMapper on six non-TNC properties (approximately 5,700 hectares) owned by two public agencies. We correctly predicted RDM compliance on 74% of the management units and found the method to be successful overall, with several challenges mainly relating to meeting RDMapper's data requirements. Our study illuminated potential benefits, hurdles, and best practices for landowners interested in using RDMapper to increase monitoring efficiency, and made recommendations to improve it. Adding RDMapper to conventional monitoring toolkits could be game-changing for public lands management agencies that currently struggle to manage vast grasslands. © 2017 The Society for Range Management
Evaluating an On-Ranch Rangeland Monitoring Program in NebraskaRangeland monitoring is an important component of rangeland management. The Nebraska Grazing Lands Coalition developed a rangeland monitoring program (RMP) in 2009 to assist livestock producers in monitoring rangelands on their ranches. Determining rangeland condition and fulfilling a requirement for conservation incentive programs were the most important reasons livestock producers participated in the RMP. Eighty-seven percent of survey participants indicated they had continued monitoring following the RMP and many indicated they had made management changes to their ranches. Monitoring is an important part of the adaptive management feedback loop. The RMP provided a resource to train producers in monitoring techniques. More tools to interpret monitoring data and increased follow-up by technicians may help producers better utilize their monitoring data. © 2017 The Society for Range Management
Mapping the Potential for Hay Making in Rangelands: A Methodological PropositionWe present information useful to various stakeholders, including land managers, agency personnel, practitioners, and researchers, as it presents methodology for ○ Determining the best period for hay harvest corresponding to peak productivity of the vegetation in rangelands;○ Estimating the amount of hay available (biomass) at peak productivity, using commonly available satellite imagery; and○ Highlighting the best areas for hay production based on grassland availability. All of this is done by employing the readily available tools of remote sensing and geographical information system. © 2017 The Society for Range Management