Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening in a Rural Southern Arizona Community
AuthorCastro, Raquel O.
AdvisorAllison, Theresa E.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction, presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractPurpose: This quality improvement project aims to improve colorectal cancer screening rates using evidence-based practice methods for rural patients in Southern Arizona.Background: Colon cancer death is one of the most preventable cancers with early screening. In Arizona, the average screening rate is only 62.6% of the eligible population (compared to 67.3% of the national eligible population). Using multicomponent interventions such as patient navigators and telephone calls can improve screening compliance. Methods: Participants were contacted via telephone with education on colorectal cancer screening. Participants were then asked to assess the effectiveness of screening education. Analysis was completed on participant feedback on screening education effectiveness, and reasons participants declined colorectal cancer screening. This information allowed for modification of screening education and to address concerns related to screening barriers. Results: There were 28 participants who were offered colorectal cancer screening education. There were 19 participants that agreed to screen and only eight that declined screening education for various reasons. Participants agreed that a telephone call and a kit mailed were good reminders and methods to complete their colorectal cancer screening. Conclusions: The post phone call survey notes all participants understood the importance of colorectal cancer screening and agreed to complete the mailed kit. Multimodal interventions for colorectal cancer screening, such as telephone calls and mailing test kits, do show an increase in agreement to screen.
Degree ProgramGraduate College