Experiences and perceptions of pharmacy students and pharmacists with a community pharmacy-based objective structured clinical examination
AffiliationDepartment of Pharmacy Practice & Science, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
CitationCornelison, B., & Zerr, B. (2021). Experiences and perceptions of pharmacy students and pharmacists with a community pharmacy-based objective structured clinical examination. JACCP Journal of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy.
Rights© 2021 Pharmacotherapy Publications, Inc.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractIntroduction: Self-care therapeutics teaches students how to apply the Pharmacists' Patient Care Process to determine if a patient's concern is appropriate for self-care and then independently prevent, diagnose, and treat the condition. Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) have been shown to be a reliable and valid form of assessment used in pharmacy education. There is limited research examining the use of a community pharmacy-based OSCE to evaluate self-care clinical skills in first year pharmacy (P1) students. Objectives: To evaluate P1 students' and facilitators' experiences and perceptions of a community pharmacy-based OSCE. Student performance on the OSCE was evaluated as a secondary objective. Methods: Students completed an OSCE that consisted of two patient cases. Students' experiences with the OSCE were collected using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 41 questions that assessed four areas: attributes of the OSCE, quality of the OSCE performance, OSCE scoring and objectivity, and comparison with other assessment methods. Facilitator experiences and perceived value of the OSCE were assessed using a questionnaire. The responses were evaluated using a chi-square test. Results: Eighty-eight students completed the OSCE and questionnaire. Students found the OSCE to be fair (91%) and cover a wide range of skills (76%). The majority of the students (91%) agreed that the OSCE provided opportunities to learn and was a practical and useful experience (86%). Approximately two-thirds (66%) of the students felt that the OSCE provided a true measure of essential clinical skills needed in self-care therapeutics. Fourteen facilitators participated in the OSCE and completed the questionnaire. Community pharmacists represented most of the facilitators (57%). Facilitators agreed that the OSCE tests the knowledge and skills needed to practice in community pharmacy (100%). Conclusion: A community pharmacy-based OSCE may be a valuable tool to assess clinical skills and provide clinical learning experiences for pharmacy students. © 2021 Pharmacotherapy Publications, Inc.
Note12 month embargo; first published: 16 May 2021
VersionFinal accepted manuscript