Parity and later life risk for coronary heart disease among slum-dwelling women in Mysore, India
AffiliationDepartment of Health Promotion Sciences, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
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CitationKrupp, K., Pope, B., Srinivas, A., Ravi, K., Khan, A., Srinivas, V., Madhivanan, P., & Bastida, E. (2021). Parity and later life risk for coronary heart disease among slum-dwelling women in Mysore, India. Indian Heart Journal.
JournalIndian Heart Journal
RightsCopyright © 2021 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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AbstractBackground: To examine the role of parity in coronary heart disease (CHD) among middle-aged Indian women living in government-designated slums in Mysore, India. Methods: Between October 2017 and May 2018, a cross-sectional study was carried out among women, 40–64 years of age, residing in government-designated slums in Mysore, India. In addition to socio-demographics, data were collected on CVD risk factors including use of tobacco and alcohol, diet, physical activity, sleep, quality of life, and personal and family history of chronic disease. Patients underwent a medical examination and a venous blood sample was taken for fasting lipid measurement. Resting electrocardiography was carried out by a trained medical technician. Multivariable logistic regression with associated 95% confidence intervals was used to examine the relationship between parity and coronary heart disease. Results: The prevalence of CHD in this sample of middle-aged women was 6.4%. Nulliparous women were at heightened risk for CHD compared to parous women with up to five live births. In the adjusted model, women who had 1-2 and 3–5 live births had 0.24 times lower odds (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 0.05–1.29) and 0.38 times lower odds (95%CI: 0.178–0.87) of CHD, respectively, as compared to nulliparous women. Conclusion: Among a fairly homogenous population of slum-dwelling women reporting almost universal breastfeeding for three or more months following birth, parity up to five births appeared protective against CHD. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether near universal breastfeeding rates in this population mediated the relationship of parity and CHD. © 2021 Cardiological Society of India
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2021 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).