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dc.contributor.authorKessell, John L.
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-07T18:31:26Z
dc.date.available2021-10-07T18:31:26Z
dc.date.issued1976
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/662055
dc.descriptionThe Franciscan mission San José de Tumacácori and the perennially undermanned presidio Tubac become John L. Kessell's windows on the Arizona–Sonora frontier in this colorful documentary history. His fascinating view extends from the Jesuit expulsion to the coming of the U.S. Army. Kessell provides exciting accounts of the explorations of Francisco Garcés, de Anza's expeditions, and the Yuma massacre. Drawing from widely scattered archival materials, he vividly describes the epic struggle between Bishop Reyes and Father President Barbastro, the missionary scandals of 1815–18, and the bloody victory of Mexican civilian volunteers over Apaches in Arivaipa Canyon in 1832. Numerous missionaries, presidials, and bureaucrats—nameless in histories until now—emerge as living, swearing, praying, individuals. This authoritative chronicle offers an engrossing picture of the continually threatened mission frontier. Reformers championing civil rights for mission Indians time and again challenged the friars' "tight-fisted paternalistic control" over their wards. Expansionists repeatedly saw their plans dashed by Indian raids, uncooperative military officials, or lack of financial support. Frairs, Soldiers, and Reformers brings into sharp focus the long, blurry period between Jesuit Sonora and Territorial Arizona.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAndrew W. Mellon Foundation, as part of the Humanities Open Book Program funded jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Arizona Press (Tucson, AZ)en_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://open.uapress.arizona.eduen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 1976 by The Arizona Board of Regents. The text of this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.sourceUniversity of Arizona Pressen_US
dc.subjectHistory -- United States -- State & Local -- Southwest (AZ, NM, OK, TX)en_US
dc.subjectHistory -- Latin America -- Mexicoen_US
dc.titleFriars, Soldiers, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonora Mission Frontier, 1767–1856en_US
dc.typebooken_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis title from the Open Arizona collection is made available by the University of Arizona Press and University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions about this title, please contact the UA Press at https://uapress.arizona.edu/contact.en_US
dc.identifier.eisbn978-0-8165-4161-4
refterms.dateFOA2021-10-07T18:31:28Z


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Copyright © 1976 by The Arizona Board of Regents. The text of this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 1976 by The Arizona Board of Regents. The text of this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.