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dc.contributor.authorManjavacas, E.
dc.contributor.authorKaralidi, T.
dc.contributor.authorVos, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorBiller, B.A.
dc.contributor.authorLew, B.W.P.
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-29T20:24:31Z
dc.date.available2021-11-29T20:24:31Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationManjavacas, E., Karalidi, T., Vos, J. M., Biller, B. A., & Lew, B. W. P. (2021). Revealing the Vertical Cloud Structure of a Young Low-mass Brown Dwarf, an Analog to the ß-Pictoris b Directly Imaged Exoplanet, through Keck I/MOSFIRE Spectrophotometric Variability. Astronomical Journal.
dc.identifier.issn0004-6256
dc.identifier.doi10.3847/1538-3881/ac174c
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/662367
dc.description.abstractYoung brown dwarfs are analogs to giant exoplanets, as they share effective temperatures, near-infrared colors, and surface gravities. Thus, the detailed characterization of young brown dwarfs might shed light on the study of giant exoplanets that we are currently unable to observe with a sufficient signal-to-noise to allow a precise characterization of their atmospheres. 2MASS J22081363+2921215 is a young L3 brown dwarf, and a member of the ß-Pictoris young moving group (23 ± 3 Myr), which shares its effective temperature and mass with the ß Pictoris b giant exoplanet. We performed a ~2.5 hr spectrophotometric J-band monitoring of 2MASS J22081363+2921215 with the MOSFIRE multi-object spectrograph, installed at the Keck I telescope. We measured a minimum variability amplitude of 3.22 ± 0.42% for its J-band light curve. The ratio between the maximum and the minimum flux spectra of 2MASS J22081363+2921215 shows a weak wavelength dependence, and a potentially enhanced variability amplitude in its alkali lines. Further analysis suggests that the variability amplitudes of the alkali lines are higher than its overall variability amplitude (4.5%-11%, depending on the lines). The variability amplitudes of these lines are lower if we degrade the resolution of the original MOSFIRE spectra to R ~ 100, which explains why this potentially enhanced variability of the alkali lines had not been found previously in Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/WFC3 light curves. Using radiative-transfer models, we obtained the different cloud layers that might be introducing the spectrophotometric variability we observe for 2MASS J22081363+2921215, which further supports the measured enhanced variability amplitudes of the alkali lines. We provide an artistic recreation of the vertical cloud structure of this ß-Pictoris b analog.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAmerican Astronomical Society
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.titleRevealing the Vertical Cloud Structure of a Young Low-mass Brown Dwarf, an Analog to the ß-Pictoris b Directly Imaged Exoplanet, through Keck I/MOSFIRE Spectrophotometric Variability
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
dc.contributor.departmentLunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Astronomy and Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona
dc.identifier.journalAstronomical Journal
dc.description.noteImmediate access
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.source.journaltitleAstronomical Journal
refterms.dateFOA2021-11-29T20:24:31Z


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