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dc.contributor.authorCyrus, E.
dc.contributor.authorSanchez, J.
dc.contributor.authorMadhivanan, P.
dc.contributor.authorLama, J.R.
dc.contributor.authorBazo, A.C.
dc.contributor.authorValencia, J.
dc.contributor.authorLeon, S.R.
dc.contributor.authorVillaran, M.
dc.contributor.authorVagenas, P.
dc.contributor.authorSciaudone, M.
dc.contributor.authorVu, D.
dc.contributor.authorCoudray, M.S.
dc.contributor.authorAtice, F.L.
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-29T20:25:11Z
dc.date.available2021-11-29T20:25:11Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationCyrus, E., Sanchez, J., Madhivanan, P., Lama, J. R., Bazo, A. C., Valencia, J., Leon, S. R., Villaran, M., Vagenas, P., Sciaudone, M., Vu, D., Coudray, M. S., & Atice, F. L. (2021). Prevalence of intimate partner violence, substance use disorders and depression among incarcerated women in Lima, Perú. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
dc.identifier.issn1661-7827
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph182111134
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/662414
dc.description.abstractBackground: Globally, there is evidence supporting the co-occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders among women in prisons, however, there is limited research investigating these domains in the Andean region where rates of female incarceration have increased. The study objective was to explore the prevalence of IPV, SUD and depression among incarcerated women in a Peruvian prison and explore associations among these variables and related correlates. Methods: 249 incarcerated women responded to a questionnaire about IPV, substance use, depression, and sexual behavior, and were screened for HIV/sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Univariate analysis and logistic regression were used to estimate relative risk and the influence of substance use and depression on IPV rates. Results: Twelve months prior to incarceration, of the women with sexual partners pre-incarceration (n = 212), 69.3% experienced threats of violence, 61.4% experienced ≥1 acts of physical violence, and 28.3% reported ≥1 act of sexual aggression. Pre-incarceration, 68.1% of drug-using women had a SUD, and 61.7% of those who consumed alcohol reported hazardous/harmful drinking. There were 20 (8.0%) HIV/STD cases; and 67.5% of the women reported depressive symptoms. Compared to women with no experiences of physical violence, a greater proportion of women who experienced least l violent act had depressive symptoms and engaged in sex work pre-incarceration. Depression was associated with physical violence (adjusted relative risk = 1.35, 95% confidence interval: 1.14–1.58). Recommendations: The findings provide evidence of a syndemic of IPV, substance abuse and depression among incarcerated women in a Peruvian prison. To help guide policy makers, further research is needed to determine if this is indicative of trends for other at-risk women in the region, and viable options to treat these women during incarceration to prevent recidivism and other long-term negative sequalae. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectDepression
dc.subjectIncarceration
dc.subjectPerú
dc.subjectSubstance-use
dc.subjectViolence
dc.subjectWomen
dc.titlePrevalence of intimate partner violence, substance use disorders and depression among incarcerated women in Lima, Perú
dc.typeArticle
dc.typetext
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Health Promotion Sciences, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.description.noteOpen access journal
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.source.journaltitleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
refterms.dateFOA2021-11-29T20:25:11Z


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Copyright © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).