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dc.contributor.authorJason Williams, C.
dc.contributor.authorPierson, F.B.
dc.contributor.authorSpaeth, K.E.
dc.contributor.authorBrown, J.R.
dc.contributor.authorAl-Hamdan, O.Z.
dc.contributor.authorWeltz, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorNearing, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorHerrick, J.E.
dc.contributor.authorBoll, J.
dc.contributor.authorRobichaud, P.R.
dc.contributor.authorGoodrich, D.C.
dc.contributor.authorHeilman, P.
dc.contributor.authorPhillip Guertin, D.
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, M.
dc.contributor.authorWei, H.
dc.contributor.authorHardegree, S.P.
dc.contributor.authorStrand, E.K.
dc.contributor.authorBates, J.D.
dc.contributor.authorMetz, L.J.
dc.contributor.authorNichols, M.H.
dc.identifier.citationJason Williams, C., Pierson, F. B., Spaeth, K. E., Brown, J. R., Al-Hamdan, O. Z., Weltz, M. A., Nearing, M. A., Herrick, J. E., Boll, J., Robichaud, P. R., Goodrich, D. C., Heilman, P., Phillip Guertin, D., Hernandez, M., Wei, H., Hardegree, S. P., Strand, E. K., Bates, J. D., Metz, L. J., & Nichols, M. H. (2016). Incorporating Hydrologic Data and Ecohydrologic Relationships into Ecological Site Descriptions. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 69(1), 4–19.
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this paper is to recommend a framework and methodology for incorporating hydrologic data and ecohydrologic relationships in Ecological Site Descriptions (ESDs) and thereby enhance the utility of ESDs for assessing rangelands and guiding resilience-based management strategies. Resilience-based strategies assess and manage ecological state dynamics that affect state vulnerability and, therefore, provide opportunities to adapt management. Many rangelands are spatially heterogeneous or sparsely vegetated where the vegetation structure strongly influences infiltration and soil retention. Infiltration and soil retention further influence soil water recharge, nutrient availability, and overall plant productivity. These key ecohydrologic relationships govern the ecologie resilience of the various states and community phases on many rangeland ecological sites (ESs) and are strongly affected by management practices, land use, and disturbances. However, ecohydrologic data and relationships are often missing in ESDs and state-and-transition models (STMs). To address this void, we used literature to determine the data required for inclusion of key ecohydrologic feedbacks into ESDs, developed a framework and methodology for data integration within the current ESD structure, and applied the framework to a select ES for demonstrative purposes. We also evaluated the utility of the Rangeland Hydrology and Erosion Model (RHEM) for assessment and enhancement of ESDs based in part on hydrologic function. We present the framework as a broadly applicable methodology for integrating ecohydrologic relationships and feedbacks into ESDs and resilience-based management strategies. Our proposed framework increases the utility of ESDs to assess rangelands, target conservation and restoration practices, and predict ecosystem responses to management. The integration of RHEM technology and our suggested framework on ecohydrologic relations expands the ecological foundation of the overall ESD concept for rangeland management and is well aligned with resilience-based, adaptive management of US rangelands. The proposed enhancement of ESDs will improve communication between private land owners and resource managers and researchers across multiple disciplines in the field of rangeland management. © Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Society for Range Management.
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.rights© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Society for Range Management. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
dc.subjectadaptive management
dc.subjectecological site
dc.subjectmultiple stable states
dc.subjectrangeland health
dc.subjectRangeland Hydrology and Erosion Model
dc.subjectstate-and-transition models
dc.titleIncorporating Hydrologic Data and Ecohydrologic Relationships into Ecological Site Descriptions
dc.identifier.journalRangeland Ecology & Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Rangeland Ecology & Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.source.journaltitleRangeland Ecology & Management

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© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Society for Range Management. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Society for Range Management. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (