Tree-Ring Research is the peer-reviewed journal of the Tree-Ring Society. The journal was first published in 1934 under the title Tree-Ring Bulletin. In 2001, the title changed to Tree-Ring Research.

The Tree-Ring Society and the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research at the University of Arizona partnered with the University Libraries to digitize back issues for improved searching capabilities and long-term preservation. New issues are added on an annual basis, with a rolling wall of five years.


Contact the Editor of Tree-Ring Research at editor@treeringsociety.org.

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Recent Submissions

  • Notice: Bryant Bannister 1926–2016

    Dean, J.S.; Towner, R.H. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
  • Meeting Report: The 2016 Ameridendro Awards

    Sutherland, K.E.; Mundo, I.A. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
  • Application of the Minimum Blue-Intensity Technique to A Southern-Hemisphere Conifer

    Brookhouse, M.; Graham, R. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
    Minimum blue-intensity (BI) appears to be a viable source of proxy-temperature data, but is yet to be applied to a Southern-Hemisphere species. Here, we apply the BI technique to Podocarpus lawrencei, a conifer endemic to the Australian Alps. We develop sample-preparation protocols and examine the climate sensitivity of resulting tree-ring width (TRW) and BI chronologies. We found that extractable resins were removed from P. lawrencei samples after 28 hours of Soxhlet extraction and a highly-significant negative correlation (r =-0.79, p<0.0001) exists between the resulting BI chronology and growing season (August-April) temperature maxima. The climate sensitivity of our BI data, combined with an apparent teleconnection with a previously-reported dataset, suggests that an unparalleled opportunity exists to develop a powerful proxy for growing-season temperatures in southeast Australia. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • Dendrochronology and the Complex History of the William Hawk Cabin, Salt Lake City, Utah

    Bekker, M.F.; Naylor, J. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
    The William Hawk Cabin is considered one of the oldest pioneer structures in Salt Lake City, Utah. Tradition suggests that it was originally constructed in 1848 inside the "Old Fort" established by Mormon settlers in 1847, and then moved to its current location between 1850 and 1852. We examined tree rings from 23 Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) and eight white fir (Abies concolor) timbers in the cabin to (1) evaluate and refine the suggested range of construction dates of 1848-1852, (2) verify or refute the suggestion that the cabin was originally constructed within the Old Fort, (3) identify any evidence of use of deadwood, timber re-use, stockpiling, or renovation, and (4) determine the provenance of the timbers. We built a 209-year floating chronology from 36 cores crossdated visually and verified statistically with COFECHA. Statistically significant (p < 0.0001) comparisons with established regional chronologies indicated that the Hawk Cabin chronology extends from 1651-1859. Cutting dates ranged from 1832-1860, with strong clusters in 1846 and 1851-1852, and a weaker cluster in 1855. The 1851-1852 cluster accounted for over half of the cutting dates, suggesting that a version of the cabin was built by 1852, and the later timbers were incorporated as part of a major renovation in or after 1860. The 1846 cluster may reflect wood salvaged from road building efforts by the Donner-Reed Party, and suggests that a version of the cabin may have been originally built in the Old Fort, although probably not by Hawk. These results confirm the historical significance of the William Hawk Cabin, and the complexity of its construction history argues for large sample depths in dendroarchaeological studies in semi-arid regions. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • Forgotten Waterways: Analyzing Beams from the Wabash and Erie Canal

    Taormina, R.; Speer, J.H. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
    The Wabash and Erie Canal system was an important transportation network in the early 1800s prior to the dominance of trains and later automotive transportation. In this work, timbers from Culvert 151 were examined, after they were exhumed during construction of Hwy 641 on the south side of Terre Haute, Indiana. Cross-sections were taken from each of 22 beams and allowed to air dry to determine the stability of the timbers. We examined the wood to determine the genera or species of each sample that was used in this construction project and developed a floating chronology from our white oak group samples. The mix of species present included 11 beams of American beech (Fagus grandifolia), five white oak group (Quercus subgenus Lepidobalanus), and one each of American elm (Ulmus americana), winged elm (Ulmus alata), sugar maple (Acer saccharum), shagbark hickory (Carya ovata), white ash (Fraxinus americana), and black walnut (Juglans nigra). This suggests that the timbers were cut from the available trees in a certain size class without much regard for wood properties. The oak trees were an average of 186 years in age and the floating chronology dated to AD 1827. We also compared our chronology to 16 other oak chronologies in the region using an Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) algorithm in ArcGIS to determine the most likely provenance of the samples. Our oak chronology correlates the strongest to archaeological samples from southeastern Indiana in Jefferson County along the Ohio River. It is possible that the timbers were cut near Madison Indiana, shipped down the Ohio River and up the Wabash River prior to incorporation in Culvert 151 on the Wabash and Erie Canal. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • Trends in Elemental Concentrations of Tree Rings from the Siberian Arctic

    Panyushkina, I.P.; Shishov, V.V.; Grachev, A.M.; Knorre, A.A.; Kirdyanov, A.V.; Leavitt, S.W.; Vaganov, E.A.; Chebykin, E.P.; Zhuchenko, N.A.; Hughes, M.K. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
    The biogeochemistry and ecology of the Arctic environment have been heavily impacted by anthropogenic pollution and climate change. We used ICP-MS to measure concentrations of 26 elements in the AD 1300-2000 tree rings of larch from the Taymyr Peninsula in northern Siberia for studying the interaction between environmental change and wood chemistry. We applied a two-stage data reduction technique to identify trends in the noisy measurement data. Statistical assessment of variance of normalized time series reveals pronounced depletion of xylem Ca, Mg, Cl, Bi and Si concentrations and enrichment of P, K, Mn, Rb, Sr and Ba concentrations after ca. AD 1900. The trends are unprecedented in the 700-year records, but multiple mechanisms may be at work and difficult to attribute with certainty. The declining xylem Ca and Mg may be a response to soil acidification from air pollution, whereas increasing P, K, and Mn concentrations may signal changes in root efficiency and excess water-soluble minerals liberated by the permafrost thaw. The changes seem consistent with mounting stress on Arctic vegetation. This study supports the potential of tree rings for monitoring past and ongoing changes in biogeochemistry of Arctic ecosystems related to pollution and permafrost thaw. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • The Relationship between Earlywood and Latewood Ring-Growth Across North America

    Torbenson, M.C.A.; Stahle, D.W.; Villanueva Díaz, J.; Cook, E.R.; Griffin, D. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-07)
    The relationship between earlywood width (EW) and latewood width (LW) is investigated using 197 tree-ring collections representing several tree species from across the North American continent. Chronologies of LW have limited paleoclimate value when they have low variance or very high correlation with EW from the same site. The correlation of LW and EW can be removed by taking the residuals from linear regression to provide a chronology of discrete latewood growth free from the carryover effects of prior EW (the so-called adjusted latewood chronology, LWa). The correlation between EW and LW, along with LWa variance, varies dramatically across North America. The lowest correlations between EW and LW chronologies can be found in Pseudotsuga menziesii in the summer monsoon region of northwestern Mexico. Low correlations between EW and LW chronologies are also noted for Pinus echinata and Quercus stellata in the south-central United States. Q. stellata also displays the highest LWa variance among any species in the dataset. For three conifer species, correlations between EW and LW appear to increase with the biological age of the tree. An age-related decline in LWa variance was also detected for Douglas-fir, bald cypress and ponderosa pine older than 200 years. These results imply that heavy sampling to produce "age-stratified" chronologies based on trees ≤ 200 years in age throughout the record may produce the best quality LW chronologies with the highest variance and most discrete growth signal independent from EW. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • The Benefit of Including Rarely-Used Species in Dendroclimatic Reconstructions: A Case Study Using Juglans nigra in South-Central Indiana, USA

    Maxwell, J.T. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-01)
    The benefit of using multiple species in dendroclimatic reconstructions in the eastern U.S. has been demonstrated. However, the benefit of including rarely-used species in multispecies reconstructions has been little explored. This paper shows the utility of using a rarely-used species in dendrochronology, Juglans nigra, in a multispecies Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) reconstruction at a site in southern Indiana. First, the crossdating J. nigra is established, followed by determining the climate response. The standardized J. nigra chronology is then compared with co-occurring standardized species chronologies (Quercus alba, Quercus rubra, and Liriodendron tulipifera) reported in Maxwell et al. (2015). Using a principal component regression model, the bi-weights of each species were calculated to determine how much J. nigra contributed to the explanatory power of the model. J.nigra had a high interseries correlation (0.604) and mean sensitivity (0.304) and a strong correlation with summer PDSI, which was comparable in strength and more consistent through time than the cooccurring species. The inclusion of J. nigra in the composite reconstruction provided more consistency and better captured the observed PDSI variability. This is compelling evidence for why rarely-used species should be tested for inclusion in multispecies climate reconstructions. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • Precipitation Variations in the Eastern Part of the Hexi Corridor during AD 1765-2010 Reveal Changing Precipitation Signal in Gansu

    Chen, F.; Yuan, Y.-J.; Zhang, R.-B.; Wang, H.-Q.; Shang, H.-M.; Zhang, T.-W.; Qin, L.; Fan, Z.-A. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-01)
    We reconstructed August-May precipitation from AD 1765 to 2010 for the eastern part of the Hexi Corridor, northwest China, using tree rings of Picea crassifolia. The precipitation reconstruction explains 44.1% of the actual precipitation variance during the common period of 1951-2010. The precipitation reconstruction is representative of precipitation conditions over a large area of the Hexi Corridor. Multi-taper spectral analysis reveals the existence of significant variability with periods of 9.3, 6.7, 3.1, and 2.6 years. Comparison between the precipitation reconstruction of the eastern part of the Hexi Corridor and other nearby precipitation/drought reconstructions shows high coherency in the timing of dry/wet episodes on annual to decadal scale. The divergences existing between the reconstructions may reflect the influence of different geographic features in Gansu and differences in seasonality of the various precipitation/drought reconstructions. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • X-ray Densitometry of Norway Spruce Subfossil Wood from the Austrian Alps

    Klusek, M.; Grabner, M. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-01)
    The processing of subfossil wood poses some difficulties in densitometric research. Problems arise because of the physiochemical changes of wood occurring in the sedimentation environment. Subfossil wood modification can result from the uptake of mineral and organic substances into the wood tissue. It can also occur as the effect of microbiological degradation of wood. The goal of this study was to identify the appropriate method of subfossil wood preparation for the densitometric research. For this purpose the wood of Norway spruce from Lake Schwarzensee was subjected to extraction in deionized water, acetone and diluted acetic acid. The application of acetic acid did not significantly influence the density of the wood and acetone seemed to be too aggressive. The best result was obtained by rinsing the samples in cold de-ionized water. This extraction procedure allowed removal of unwanted water-soluble, organic and inorganic compounds from wood and simultaneously did not lead to the degradation of subfossil samples. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • Dating Wooden Beams from the Grancia Monastic Abbey in Southern Italy

    Gentilesca, T.; Todaro, L.; Ripullone, F.; Saracino, A.; Moretti, N.; Borghetti, M. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-01)
    We present the results of a dendrochronological study carried out on timbers from the monastic abbey Grancià of Brindisi di Montagna in Southern Italy. Our objective was to date cross-sections of oak (Quercus spp.) taken from structural timbers to determine the felling dates, the time span covered by the series and to evaluate whether the retrieved tree-ring data could be used to extend an existing living trees chronology of oak from Southern Italy. Dendrochronological analyses were performed on samples collected from eight oak timbers in 2006 during the restoration of the abbey. Raw tree-ring series were crossdated and grouped into a floating chronology that was compared with an absolute reference chronology, specifically constructed from living Quercus pubescens (Willd.) trees, from the nearby Pollino National Park. Seven of eight samples could be absolutely dated in the early 19th, late 18th and mid late 17th Centuries, providing a chronology that reaches back to AD 1545. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.
  • Dendrochronology of Utah Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little)

    DeRose, R.J.; Bekker, M.F.; Kjelgren, R.; Buckley, B.M.; Speer, J.H.; Allen, E.B. (Tree Ring Society, 2016-01)
    Utah juniper was a foundational species for the discipline of dendrochronology, having been used in the early 20th Century investigations of Mesa Verde, but has been largely ignored by dendrochronologists since. Here we present dendrochronological investigations of Utah juniper core and cross-sectional samples from four sites in northern Utah. We demonstrate that, contrary to the general opinion among many dendrochronologists, Utah juniper exhibits excellent crossdating that is reflective of its sensitivity to climate-a desirable characteristic for dendroclimate reconstruction. Across all four sites the dominant signal for annual ring-width increment occurred during the growing season and was positive for precipitation and negative for temperature. This corroborates ecophysiological studies that highlight Utah juniper's aggressive water-use behavior and desiccation tolerance that together enable survival at extremely negative soil water potentials. This behavior differs from co-occurring Pinus spp. (i.e. P. edulis and P. monophylla) that avoid cavitation at the cost of carbon starvation. We determine that the annual radial increment of Utah juniper rings is particularly responsive to soil moisture availability, and is in fact a useful proxy for hydroclimatic variables such as precipitation, drought, and streamflow. Its geographic distribution spans a large swath of the Interior West, including areas where other more commonly sought-after species for dendrochronology do not occur, and ought to be considered crucial for complementing the rich network of tree-ring chronologies in the western U.S. © 2016 by The Tree-Ring Society.