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dc.contributor.authorKoss, Mary P.
dc.contributor.authorSwartout, Kevin M.
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Elise C.
dc.contributor.authorLamade, Raina V.
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Elizabeth J.
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Carolyn L.
dc.contributor.authorPrentky, Robert A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-13T20:44:51Z
dc.date.available2022-01-13T20:44:51Z
dc.date.issued2021-12-15
dc.identifier.citationKoss, M. P., Swartout, K. M., Lopez, E. C., Lamade, R. V., Anderson, E. J., Brennan, C. L., & Prentky, R. A. (2022). The Scope of Rape Victimization and Perpetration Among National Samples of College Students Across 30 years. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0886-2605
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/08862605211050103
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/662891
dc.description.abstractResearch Questions: Rape prevention practice and policy have roots in data from 1985. This study uses 2015 national data to project recent prevalence, assesses whether rates now differ from those of 30 years ago, and disaggregates 2015 prevalence into rape of alcohol incapacitated victims, rapes combining both alcohol and physical tactics, and violent rape. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted comparing two national samples. The first was collected in 1984-85 (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987); the second was collected 30 years later in 2014-2015. Both surveys used in-person administration and measurement by the most current version at the time of the Sexual Experiences Survey (SES). Prevalence rates were compared using Bayesian binomial tests. Results: In 2015, 33.4% (1 in 3) of women reported experiencing rape or attempted rape and 12.7% of men reported perpetration (1 in 8). Using Jeffreys' label for effect size of the Bayes binomial (1961), both results are “decisively” greater than expected given the 1985 benchmarks of 27.9% for victimization and 7.7% for perpetration. Victimization when incapacitated characterized approximately 75% of incidents in 2015 up from 50% in 1985. Cautions apply as cross-sectional data does not establish causality and the recent data set involved the revised SES. Conclusions: Across 30 years, neither containment nor reduction of rape was demonstrated and the increasingly prominent association with alcohol was apparent. Among the men who disclosed raping, 9 of 10 incidents were alcohol-involved. Prevention focus might profitably be directed to constraining alcohol environments and policies that facilitate rape of incapacitated persons and on misconduct responses that are proportional to the harm caused to rape victims, thereby raising the perceived risks of perpetration.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipU.S. Department of Justiceen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2021.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en_US
dc.subjectalcohol-related rapeen_US
dc.subjectcollege studentsen_US
dc.subjectrape prevalenceen_US
dc.subjectsexual aggressionen_US
dc.subjectsexual assaulten_US
dc.subjectsexual violence preventionen_US
dc.titleThe Scope of Rape Victimization and Perpetration Among National Samples of College Students Across 30 yearsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1552-6518
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Health Promotion Sciences, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Interpersonal Violenceen_US
dc.description.noteImmediate accessen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.pii10.1177/08862605211050103
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of Interpersonal Violence
dc.source.volume37
dc.source.issue1-2
dc.source.beginpageNP25
dc.source.endpageNP47
refterms.dateFOA2022-01-13T20:44:52Z


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